Improved Human Embryonic Stem Cell Embryoid Body Homogeneity and Cardiomyocyte Differentiation from a Novel V-96 Plate Aggregation System Highlights Interline Variability

Authors

  • Paul W. Burridge,

    1. Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling, School of Human Development, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    2. Institute of Genetics, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • David Anderson,

    1. Institute of Genetics, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • Helen Priddle,

    1. Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling, School of Human Development, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    2. Treatment Unit, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • Maria D. Barbadillo Muñoz,

    1. Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling, School of Human Development, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    2. Institute of Genetics, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • Sarah Chamberlain,

    1. Treatment Unit, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • Cinzia Allegrucci,

    1. Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling, School of Human Development, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    2. Institute of Genetics, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • Lorraine E. Young,

    1. Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling, School of Human Development, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    2. Institute of Genetics, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
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  • Chris Denning B.Sc., Ph.D.

    Corresponding author
    1. Wolfson Centre for Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Modelling, School of Human Development, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    2. Institute of Genetics, Nottingham University Research, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    • University of Nottingham–Institute of Genetics, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, U.K. Telephone: 44(0)115-82-30385; Fax: 44(0)115-970-9906
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Abstract

Although all human ESC (hESC) lines have similar morphology, express key pluripotency markers, and can differentiate toward primitive germ layers in vitro, the lineage-specific developmental potential may vary between individual lines. In the current study, four hESC lines were cultured in the same feeder-free conditions to provide a standardized platform for interline analysis. A high-throughput, forced-aggregation system involving centrifugation of defined numbers of hESCs in V-96 plates (V-96FA) was developed to examine formation, growth, and subsequent cardiomyocyte differentiation from >22,000 EBs. Homogeneity of EBs formed by V-96FA in mouse embryo fibroblast-conditioned medium was significantly improved compared with formation in mass culture (p < .02; Levene's test). V-96FA EB formation was successful in all four lines, although significant differences in EB growth were observed during the first 6 days of differentiation (p = .044 to .001; one-way analysis of variance [ANOVA]). Cardiomyocyte differentiation potential also varied; 9.5% ± 0.9%, 6.6% ± 2.4%, 5.2% ± 3.1%, and 1.6% ± 1.0% beating EBs were identified for HUES-7, NOTT2, NOTT1, and BG01, respectively (p = .008; one-way ANOVA). Formation of HUES-7 V-96FA EBs in defined medium containing activin A and basic fibroblast growth factor resulted in 23.6% ± 3.6% beating EBs, representing a 13.1-fold increase relative to mass culture (1.8% ± 0.7%), consistent with an observed 14.8-fold increase in MYH6 (αMHC) expression by real-time polymerase chain reaction. In contrast, no beating areas were derived from NOTT1-EBs and BG01-EBs formed in defined medium. Thus, the V-96FA system highlighted interline variability in EB growth and cardiomyocyte differentiation but, under the test conditions described, identified HUES-7 as a line that can respond to cardiomyogenic stimulation.

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest is found at the end of this article.

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