PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals

Ecological Archives E090-184

Authors

  • Kate E. Jones,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jon Bielby,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marcel Cardillo,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Centre for Macroevolution and Macroecology, School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra 0200 Australia.

  • Susanne A. Fritz,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Justin O'Dell,

    1. Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328 USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • C. David L. Orme,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kamran Safi,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Wes Sechrest,

    1. Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328 USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Elizabeth H. Boakes,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY, United Kingdom.

  • Chris Carbone,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Christina Connolly,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Michael J. Cutts,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Janine K. Foster,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Richard Grenyer,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY, United Kingdom.

  • Michael Habib,

    1. Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328 USA
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 USA.

  • Christopher A. Plaster,

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Department of Biology, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT United Kingdom.

  • Samantha A. Price,

    1. Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328 USA
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: NESCent: National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 USA.

  • Elizabeth A. Rigby,

    1. Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328 USA
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Department of Natural Resources Management, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409-2125 USA.

  • Janna Rist,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Amber Teacher,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds,

    1. AG Systematik und Evolutionsbiologie, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
  • John L. Gittleman,

    1. Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328 USA
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 22902 USA.

  • Georgina M. Mace,

    1. Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author
    •  Present address: Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY, United Kingdom.

  • Andy Purvis

    1. Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    2. Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, SL5 7PY United Kingdom
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Analyses of life-history, ecological, and geographic trait differences among species, their causes, correlates, and likely consequences are increasingly important for understanding and conserving biodiversity in the face of rapid global change. Assembling multispecies trait data from diverse literature sources into a single comprehensive data set requires detailed consideration of methods to reliably compile data for particular species, and to derive single estimates from multiple sources based on different techniques and definitions. Here we describe PanTHERIA, a species-level data set compiled for analysis of life history, ecology, and geography of all known extant and recently extinct mammals. PanTHERIA is derived from a database capable of holding multiple geo-referenced values for variables within a species containing 100 740 lines of biological data for extant and recently extinct mammalian species, collected over a period of three years by 20 individuals. PanTHERIA also includes spatial databases of mammalian geographic ranges and global climatic and anthropogenic variables. Here we detail how the data fields are extracted and defined for PanTHERIA using a customized data input format (MammalForm); how data were collected from the literature, species names and sources tracked, error-checking and validation procedures applied, and how data were consolidated into species-level values for each variable. Tables of the consolidated species-level values are made available for each of two recent species-level taxonomic classifications of mammals, as well as associated taxonomic synonymy conversion and data-input files. This study provides a useful guide to prospective researchers on how to structure and codify life-history, ecological, geographic, and taxonomic data and methods to extract meaningful species-level traits. It also provides comprehensive information on traits like size, diet, environmental conditions, and ecology to permit macroecological and macroevolutionary analyses of this important clade.

The complete data sets corresponding to abstracts published in the Data Papers section of the journal are published electronically in Ecological Archives at 〈http://esapubs.org/archive〉. (The accession number for each Data Paper is given directly beneath the title.)

Ancillary