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Keywords:

  • Reptile;
  • Lizard;
  • Insecticide;
  • Pyrethrin;
  • Temperature

Abstract

Metabolic rates of reptiles vary with body temperature; therefore, the sensitivity of reptiles to a particular dose level of a pesticide might be expected to vary as well. The purpose of the present study was twofold: To evaluate the effects of temperature on the toxicity to green anole lizards (Anolis carolinensis) of a single concentration of a natural pyrethrin pesticide via percutaneous exposure, and to compare the effects of temperature (20 vs 35°C) on the toxicity of different concentrations of pyrethrins to green anoles. When lizards were exposed to a solution that contained 300 mg/L of pyrethrins, the mortality of lizards maintained at 15 and 20°C was significantly higher (p < 0.01) than the mortality of lizards maintained at 35 and 38°C. In addition, the median lethal concentrations of pyrethrins for lizards maintained at 20 and 35°C were 77.6 and greater than 300 mg/L, respectively. Therefore, temperature clearly influenced the sensitivity of lizards to pyrethrin pesticides.