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REFERENCES

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    Bue BG, Sharr S, Seeb JE. 1998. Evidence of damage to pink salmon populations inhabiting Prince William Sound, Alaska, two generations after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Trans Am Fish Soc 127: 3543.
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    Marty G, Short J, Dambach D, Willits N, Heintz R, Rice S, Stegeman J, Hinton D. 1997. Ascites, premature emergence, increased gonadal cell apoptosis, and cytochrome P4501A induction in pink salmon larvae continuously exposed to oil-contaminated gravel during development. Can J Zool 75: 9891007.
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    Heintz RA, Short JW, Rice SD. 1999. Sensitivity of fish embryos to weathered crude oil: Part II. Increased mortality of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) embryos to weathered Exxon Valdez crude oil. Environ Toxicol Chem 18: 494503.
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    Heintz RA, Rice SD, Wertheimer AC, Bradshaw RF, Thrower FP, Joyce JE, Short JW. 2000. Delayed effects on growth and marine survival of pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha after exposure to crude oil during embryonic development. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 208: 205216.
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    Rice SD, Moles DA, Short JW. 1975. The effect of Prudhoe Bay crude oil on survival and growth of eggs, alevins, and fry of pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha. Proceedings, Conference on Prevention and Control of Oil Pollution, San Francisco, CA, USA, March 25–27, Washington, DC, pp 503507.
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  • 20
    Page DS, Boehm PD, Douglas GS, Bence AE. 1995. Identification of Hydrocarbon Sources in Benthic Sediments of Prince William Sound. In WellsPG, ButlerJN, HughesJS, eds, Proceedings, Exxon Valdez oil spill: Fate and effects in Alaskan Waters. STP 1219. American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, pp 4183.
  • 21
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  • 23
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    Wolfe DA, Hameedi MJ, Galt JA, Watabayashi G, Short J, O'Clair C, Rice S, Michel J, Payne JR, Braddock J, Hanna S, Sale D. 1994. Fate of the oil spilled from the T/V Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Environ Sci Technol 28: 561A568A.
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  • 28
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  • 29
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  • 32
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  • 33
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  • 39
    Craig AK, Willette TM, Evans DG, Bue BG. 2002. Injury to pink salmon embryos in Prince William Sound—Field monitoring. Restoration Project 98191A-1. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, Alaska Resources Library and Information Services Anchorage, AK, USA.
  • 40
    Peterson CH, Rice SD, Short JW, Esler D, Bodkin JL, Ballachey BE, Irons DB. 2003. Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Science 302: 20822086.