Published on the Web 3/4/2008.
Ecological risk assessment in the United States environmental protection agency: A historical overview†
Article first published online: 5 NOV 2009
Copyright © 2008 SETAC
Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Volume 4, Issue 3, pages 285–289, July 2008
How to Cite
Suter, G. W. (2008), Ecological risk assessment in the United States environmental protection agency: A historical overview. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 4: 285–289. doi: 10.1897/IEAM_2007-062.1
- Issue published online: 5 NOV 2009
- Article first published online: 5 NOV 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 JAN 2008
- Manuscript Received: 11 SEP 2007
- Ecological risk assessment;
- US Environmental Protection Agency
Risk assessment originated with the insurance industry and spread to the estimation of risks to people and property in other contexts, including the regulation of environmental contamination. Ecological assessment became an important component of environmental management in the United States with the legal mandate for environmental impact assessment in 1970. Risk assessment and ecological assessment merged in the 1980s to form ecological risk assessment (ERA). Since then, ERA has been institutionalized with the development of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (hereafter, USEPA or Agency) framework and guidance documents. Ecological risk assessment has been adapted by the Agency's program offices to fit their legal and policy contexts. The future of ERA will inevitably include the incorporation of more complex and demanding methods. However, the biggest challenge for future risk assessors will be to make ecological risks more compelling to decision makers.