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Keywords:

  • episodic self-injury;
  • functional analysis;
  • establishing operations;
  • biological setting events;
  • otitis media

A functional analysis examined the consequences that maintained episodic self-injury and the relationship between those consequences and otitis media for a child with moderate developmental disabilities. Results indicated that self-injury occurred only during periods of otitis media. Otitis media may have served as an establishing operation related to escape from ambient noise.