USE OF A STRUCTURED DESCRIPTIVE ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY TO IDENTIFY VARIABLES AFFECTING PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

Authors


Department of Psychology, Box 6040, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6040 (e-mail: cindy.anderson@mail.wvu.edu).

Abstract

This study evaluated a variation of functional assessment methodology, the structured descriptive assessment (SDA). The SDA is conducted in an individual's natural environment and involves systematically manipulating antecedent variables while leaving consequences free to vary. Results were evaluated by comparing the results of an SDA with results obtained from an analogue functional analysis with 4 children who exhibited problem behavior. For 3 of 4 participants, the results of the two assessments suggested similar hypotheses about variables maintaining problem behavior. Interventions based on the results of the SDA were implemented for 3 children and resulted in significant reductions in rates of problem behavior.

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