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Keywords:

  • aging;
  • dementia;
  • escape;
  • functional analysis;
  • noncontingent escape;
  • noncontingent reinforcement

In the current study, nursing home staff were taught to administer functional analyses to determine the variables maintaining aggression by an elder with dementia. The results indicated that aggression was evoked during bathroom routines and that escape maintained aggression. Staff then reduced aggression to near-zero levels with noncontingent escape. Implications for the assessment and treatment of problem behaviors in nursing home settings are discussed.