We thank Brian Iwata, Lise Abrams, and Stephen Smith for their comments on an earlier draft of this manuscript. Portions of this manuscript were included as part of the dissertation of the first author at the University of Florida.
AN INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT OF ALTERNATIVE BEHAVIOR WITHOUT EXTINCTION
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013
2010 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume 43, Issue 4, pages 569–589, Winter 2010
How to Cite
Athens, E. S. and Vollmer, T. R. (2010), AN INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT OF ALTERNATIVE BEHAVIOR WITHOUT EXTINCTION. Jnl of Applied Behav Analysis, 43: 569–589. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-569
- Issue published online: 27 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013
- Received December 30, 2008; Final acceptance November 18, 2009
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;
- concurrent schedules;
- differential reinforcement;
- problem behavior
We manipulated relative reinforcement for problem behavior and appropriate behavior using differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) without an extinction component. Seven children with developmental disabilities participated. We manipulated duration (Experiment 1), quality (Experiment 2), delay (Experiment 3), or a combination of each (Experiment 4), such that reinforcement favored appropriate behavior rather than problem behavior even though problem behavior still produced reinforcement. Results of Experiments 1 to 3 showed that behavior was often sensitive to manipulations of duration, quality, and delay in isolation, but the largest and most consistent behavior change was observed when several dimensions of reinforcement were combined to favor appropriate behavior (Experiment 4). Results suggest strategies for reducing problem behavior and increasing appropriate behavior without extinction.