• Aderka D., Engelmann H., Maor Y., Brakebusch C., Wallach D.. Stabilization of the bioactivity of tumor necrosis factor by its soluble receptors. J Exp Med. 1992;175: 323329.
  • Basu S., Aballa TC, Ferrell SM, Lynne CM, Brackett NL. Inflammatory cytokine concentrations are elevated in seminal plasma of men with spinal cord injuries. J Androl. 2004;25: 250254.
  • Basu S., Lynne CM, Ruiz P., Aballa TC, Ferrell SM, Brackett NL. Cytofluorographic identification of activated T-cell subpopulations in the semen of men with spinal cord injuries. J Androl. 2002;23: 551556.
  • Brackett NL. Semen retrieval by penile vibratory stimulation in men with spinal cord injury. Hum Reprod Update. 1999;5: 216222.
  • Brackett NL, Lynne CM. The method of assisted ejaculation affects the outcome of semen quality studies in men with spinal cord injury: a review. NeuroRehabilitation. 2000;15: 89100.
  • Brackett NL, Nash MS, Lynne CM. Male fertility following spinal cord injury: facts and fiction. Phys Ther. 1996;76: 12211231.
  • Brown DJ, Hill ST, Baker HW. Male fertility and sexual function after spinal cord injury. Prog Brain Res. 2006;152: 427439.
  • Cohen DR, Basu S., Randall JM, Aballa TC, Lynne CM, Brackett NL. Sperm motility in men with spinal cord injuries is enhanced by inactivating cytokines in the seminal plasma. J Androl. 2004;25: 922925.
  • DeForge D., Blackmer J., Garritty C., et al. Fertility following spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Spinal Cord. 2005;43: 693703.
  • Fierro R., Schwed P., Foliguet B., Grignon G., Bene MC, Faure G.. Expression of IL-2alpha and IL-2beta receptors on the membrane surface of human sperm. Arch Androl. 2002;48: 397404.
  • Gruschwitz MS, Brezinschek R., Brezinschek HP. Cytokine levels in the seminal plasma of infertile males. J Androl. 1996;17: 158163.
  • Huang YW, Vitetta ES. A monoclonal anti-human IL-6 receptor antibody inhibits the proliferation of human myeloma cells. Hybridoma. 1993;12: 621630.
  • Huleihel M., Levy A., Lunenfeld E., Horowitz S., Potashnik G., Glezerman M.. Distinct expression of cytokines and mitogenic inhibitory factors in semen of fertile and infertile men. Am J Reprod Immunol. 1997;37: 304309.
  • National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center. Spinal cord injury. Facts and figures at a glance. J Spinal Cord Med. 2005;28: 379380.
  • Sanocka D., Jedrzejczak P., Szumala-Kaekol A., Fraczek M., Kurpisz M.. Male genital tract inflammation: the role of selected interleukins in regulation of pro-oxidant and antioxidant enzymatic substances in seminal plasma. J Androl. 2003;24: 448455.
  • Symons JA, Young PR, Duff GW. Soluble type II interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor binds and blocks processing of IL-1 beta precursor and loses affinity for IL-1 receptor antagonist. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995;92: 17141718.
  • van Zee KJ, Kohno T., Fischer E., Rock CS, Moldawer LL, Lowry SF. Tumor necrosis factor soluble receptors circulate during experimental and clinical inflammation and can protect against excessive tumor necrosis factor alpha in vitro and in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992;89: 48454849.
  • Organization World Health. Laboratory Manual for the Examination of Human Semen and Sperm-Cervical Mucous Interaction. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Yoshida S., Harada T., Iwabe T., et al. A combination of interleukin-6and its soluble receptor impairs sperm motility: implications in infertility associated with endometriosis. Hum Reprod. 2004; 19: 18211825.