Decisions at the End of Life

Guided by Communities of Patients

Authors

  • Linda L. Emanuel,

    Internist and the Assistant Director of the Division of Medical Ethics
    1. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Linda L. Emanuel and Ezekiel J. Emanuel, “Decisions at the End of Life: Guided by Communities of Patients,” Hasting Center Report 23, no. 5 (1993): 6–14.

  • Ezekiel J. Emanuel

    Oncologist and a Medical Ethicist at Harvard Medical SchoolSearch for more papers by this author
    • Linda L. Emanuel and Ezekiel J. Emanuel, “Decisions at the End of Life: Guided by Communities of Patients,” Hasting Center Report 23, no. 5 (1993): 6–14.


Abstract

To guide treatment decisions for incompetent patients who have no advance directives, health care institutions should look to the preferences of their own communities of patients. That is the best way to ensure that incompetent patients' wishes will be followed.

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