SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ad Hoc Committee on Animal Research, Interdisciplinary Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and Education (New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 1988).
  • 2
    Arnold B. Arluke, “Sacrificial Symbolism in Animal Experimentation: Object or Pet?,” Anthrozoös 2: 2 (1989), 97116.
  • 3
    Patrick Bateson, “When to Experiment on Animals,” New Scientist, 20 February 1986, 3032.
  • 4
    Jeremy Bentham, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (London: 1780).
  • 5
    Gordon M. Burghardt, “Animal Awareness: Current Perceptions and Historical Perspective,” American Psychologist 40: 9 (1985), 905919.
  • 6
    Gordon M. Burghardt, “Anecdotes and Critical Anthropomorphism,” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1988), 24849.
  • 7
    Gordon M. Burghardt and Harold A. Herzog, Jr., “Beyond Conspecifics: Is Brer Rabbit Our Brother?,” BioScience 30: 11 (1980), 76368.
  • 8
    Canadian Council on Animal Care, Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals, Vols. 1 & 2 (Ottawa: CCAC, 1984).
  • 9
    Eric Cassell, “Individuality and Animal Suffering,” paper presented at a meeting of The Hastings Center Project on “The Ethics of Animal Experimentation and Research,” November 17, 1988.
  • 10
    The Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (Geneva: CIOMS, 1985).
  • 11
    Julius H. Comroe, Jr. and Robert D. Dripps, “Scientific Basis for the Support of Biomedical Science,” Science 192 (1976), 105111.
  • 12
    Stamp Marian Dawkins, Animal Suffering (London: Chapman & Hall, 1980).
  • 13
    Stamp Marian Dawkins, “From an Animal's Point of View: Consumer Demand Theory and Animal Welfare,” Behavior and Brain Sciences 13: 1 (1990), in press.
  • 14
    Strachan Donnelley, “Speculative Philosophy, the Troubled Middle, and the Ethics of Animal Experimentation,” Hastings Center Report 19: 2 (1989), 1521.
  • 15
    Strachan Donnelley and Willard Gaylin, “The Heart of the Matter,” Hastings Center Report 19: 1 (1989), 2628.
  • 16
    Rebecca Dresser, “Developing Standards in Animal Research Review,” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 194: 9 (1989), 118491.
  • 17
    Rebecca Dresser, “Measuring Merit in Animal Research,” Theoretical Medicine 10: 1 (1989), 2134.
  • 18
    R.G. Frey, “Rights, Interests, Desires, and Beliefs,” American Philosophical Quarterly 16: 3 (1979), 23339.
  • 19
    Robert W. Leader and Dennis Stark, “The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research,” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30: 4 (1987), 47085.
  • 20
    Randall Lockwood, “Anthropomorphism is Not a Four-letter Word,” in Advances in Animal Welfare Sciences 1985, Michael W. Fox and L.D. Mickley, eds. (Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 1986), 18599.
  • 21
    Mary Midgely, Animals and Why They Matter (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1983).
  • 22
    Stuart John Mill, Utilitarianism (London: 1863).
  • 23
    C.L. Morgan, An Introduction to Comparative Psychology (London: Walter Scott, 1894).
  • 24
    David Morton, “Epilogue,” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 191 (1987), 129296.
  • 25
    David Morton and Paul Griffiths, “Guidelines on the Recognition of Pain, Distress and Discomfort in Experimental Animals and an Hypothesis for Assessment,” The Veterinary Record 116 (1985), 43136.
  • 26
    Melinda A. Novak and Stephen J. Suomi, “Psychological Well-Being of Primates in Captivity,” American Psychologist 43: 10 (1988), 76573.
  • 27
    Karl Johan Öbrink, “Swedish Law on Laboratory Animals,” in Scientific Perspectives on Animal Welfare, Jean W. Dodds and Barbara F. Orlans, eds. (New York: Academic Press, 1982), 5558.
  • 28
    U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986).
  • 29
    Barbara F. Orlans, “Animal Welfare,” Bioscience 30: 3 (1980), 14445.
  • 30
    Barbara F. Orlans, “Research Protocol for Animal Welfare,” Investigative Radiology 22: 3 (1987), 25358.
  • 31
    Barbara F. Orlans, “Should Students Harm or Destroy Animal Life? The American Biology Teacher 50: 1 (1988), 6,8,10,12.
  • 32
    “Panel Report on the Colloquium on the Recognition and Alleviation of Animal Pain and Distress,” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 191 (1987), 118691.
  • 33
    Denise Radner and Michael Radner, Animal Consciousness (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1989).
  • 34
    John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971).
  • 35
    Tom Regan, The Case for Animal Rights (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983).
  • 36
    W.D. Ross, The Right and the Good (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1930).
  • 37
    Andrew Rowan, Of Mice, Models, and Men (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984).
  • 38
    W.M.S. Russell and R.L. Burch, The Principles of Humane Experimental Techniques (London: Methuen, 1959).
  • 39
    Lilly-Marlene Russow, “Regan on Inherent Value,” Between the Species 4 (1988), 4554.
  • 40
    Peter Singer, Animal Liberation (New York: Avon Books, 1975).
  • 41
    Peter Singer, “Animals and the Value of Life,” in Matters of Life and Death, Tom Regan, ed. (New York: Random House, 2nd ed., 1986), 33880.
  • 42
    D.H. Smyth, Alternatives to Animal Experiments (London: Scholar Press, 1978), 14445.
  • 43
    Elliot Sober, “Darwin on Natural Selection: A Philosophical Perspective,” in The Darwinian Heritage, David Kohn, ed. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985), 86799.
  • 44
    Jerrold Tannenbaum and Andrew Rowan, “Rethinking the Morality of Animal Research,” Hastings Center Report 15: 5 (1985), 3243.
  • 45
    James A. Thomas et al., “Animal Research at Stanford University,” The New England Journal of Medicine, 16 June 1988, 163032.
  • 46
    Lewis Thomas, “Hubris in Science? Science 200 (1978), 145962.
  • 47
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (NIH Publicaton No. 85–23, 1985), 8183.
  • 48
    Martin Wells, Octopus (London: Chapman & Hall, 1978).