Marguerite Ann Snow is Assistant Professor in the School of Education at California State University, Los Angeles, where she teaches in the MA in TESOL program. She is coauthor of Content-Based Second Language Instruction (Newbury House, 1989).
A Conceptual Framework for the Integration of Language and Content in Second/Foreign Language Instruction
Article first published online: 4 JAN 2012
1989 TESOL International Association
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 201–217, June 1989
How to Cite
SNOW, M. A., MET, M. and GENESEE, F. (1989), A Conceptual Framework for the Integration of Language and Content in Second/Foreign Language Instruction. TESOL Quarterly, 23: 201–217. doi: 10.2307/3587333
- Issue published online: 4 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 4 JAN 2012
This article proposes a conceptual framework for the integration of language and content teaching in second and foreign language classrooms. In this model, language and content teachers work collaboratively to determine language-teaching objectives. These objectives derive from two considerations: (a) content-obligatory language (language essential to an understanding of content material) and (b) content-compatible language (language that can be taught naturally within the context of a particular subject matter and that students require additional practice with). The conceptual framework is illustrated in four instructional settings—the mainstream class, the ESL class, the foreign language immersion class, and the FLES (Foreign Language in the Elementary School) class. General implications for the integration of language and content teaching are also discussed.