Diane Larsen-Freeman is a Senior Faculty Member in the MAT Program at the School for International Training in Brattleboro, VT. Her books include Discourse Analysis in Second Language Research (Newbury House, 1980), The Grammar Book; An ESL/EFL Teacher's Course (with M. Celce-Murcia, Newbury House, 1983), Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching (Oxford University Press, 1986), and An introduction to Second Language Acquisition Research (with M. Long, Longman, 1991). Dr. Larsen-Freeman was Editor of Language Learning from 1980 to 1985.
Second Language Acquisition Research: Staking Out the Territory
Version of Record online: 4 JAN 2012
1991 TESOL International Association
Volume 25, Issue 2, pages 315–350, Summer 1991
How to Cite
LARSEN-FREEMAN, D. (1991), Second Language Acquisition Research: Staking Out the Territory. TESOL Quarterly, 25: 315–350. doi: 10.2307/3587466
- Issue online: 4 JAN 2012
- Version of Record online: 4 JAN 2012
Since its emergence some 20 years ago, the field of second language acquisition research has focused on two areas: the nature of the language acquisition process and the factors which affect language learners. Initial research was essentially descriptive. More recently, researchers have been attempting to explain how acquisition occurs and how learner factors lead to differential success among learners. The focus has alternately broadened as researchers became more aware of the complexity of the issues and narrowed as greater depth of analysis was required. The paper suggests that the next phase of research will be characterized by a union of these two focal areas: learning and the learner. It also recommends that more research attention be given to tutored acquisition.