SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Steffen R, De Bernardis C, Banos A. Travel epidemiology—a global perspective. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2003; 21: 8995.
  • 2
    Crump JA, Luby SP, Mintz ED. The global burden of typhoid fever. Bull World Health Organ 2004; 82: 346353.
  • 3
    Chin J, ed. 0 2000 Washington American Public Health Association, 2000.
  • 4
    Crum NF. Current trends in typhoid fever. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2003; 05: 279286.
  • 5
    Hill DR. Vaccination in travelers. Curr Infect Dis Rep 1999; 01: 417426.
  • 6
    Miller SI, Hohmann EL, Pegues DA. In: MandellGL, BennettJE, DolinR eds.. Salmonella (including Salmonella typhi). Principles and practice of infectious diseases 1995 New York Churchill Livingstone; 417426.
  • 7
    Sood S, Kapil A, Dash N et al. Paratyphoid fever in India: an emerging problem. Emerg Infect Dis 1999; 05: 483484.
  • 8
    Tankhiwale SS, Agrawal G, Jalgaonkar SV. An unusually high occurrence of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi A in patients with enteric fever. Indian J Med Res 2003; 117: 1012.
  • 9
    Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control. Updated statistics covering the notifiable diseases of Sweden. 2005. Available at: http://gis.smittskyddsinstitutet.se/mapapp/build/intro_eng.html. (Accessed 2005 May 13).
  • 10
    Resurs AB, Swedish Travel and Tourist Data Base, TDB. 2005. Available at: http://www.resursab.se/. (Accessed 2005 May 13).
  • 11
    Lindback H, Lindback J, Tegnell A et al. Dengue fever in travelers to the tropics, 1998 and 1999. Emerg Infect Dis 2003; 09: 438442.
  • 12
    Rahman A, Tegnell A, Vene S, Giesecke J. Rickettsioses in Swedish travellers, 1997–2001. Scand J Infect Dis 2003; 35: 247250.
  • 13
    Ekdahl K, De Jong B, Wollin R, Andersson Y. Travel-associated non-typhoidal salmonellosis—geographical and seasonal differences and serotype distribution. Clin Microbiol Infect 2005; 11: 138144.
  • 14
    Ekdahl K, Andersson Y. Regional risks and seasonality in travel-associated campylobacteriosis. BMC Infect Dis 2004; 04: 44.
  • 15
    Ekdahl K, Andersson Y. The epidemiology of travel-associated shigellosis—regional risks, seasonality and serogroups. BMC Infect Dis 2004; 04: 44.
  • 16
    Lighton LL. Follow up in northwest England of cases of enteric fever acquired abroad, April 1996 to March 1998. Commun Dis Public Health 1999; 02: 145146.
  • 17
    Lester A, Mygind O, Jensen KT et al. Typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Denmark 1986–1990. Epidemiologic aspects and the extent of bacteriological follow-up of patients. Ugeskr Laeger 1994; 156: 37703775. (In Danish).
  • 18
    Caumes E, Ehya N, Nguyen J, Bricaire F. Typhoid and paratyphoid fever: a 10-year prospective study of 41 cases in a Parisian hospital. J Travel Med 2001; 08: 293297.
  • 19
    Mermin JH, Townes JM, Gerber M et al. Typhoid fever in the United States, 1985–1994. Arch Intern Med 1998; 158: 633638.
  • 20
    Ackers ML, Puhr ND, Tauxe RV, Mintz ED. Laboratory-based surveillance of Salmonella serotype typhi infections in the United States: antimicrobial resistance on the rise. JAMA 2000; 283: 26682673.
  • 21
    von Sonnenburg F, Tornieporth N, Waiyaki P et al. Risk and aetiology of diarrhoea at various tourist destinations. Lancet 2000; 356: 133134.
  • 22
    Jiang ZD, Lowe B, Verenkar MP et al. Prevalence of enteric pathogens among international travelers with diarrhea acquired in Kenya (Mombasa), India (Goa), or Jamaica (Montego Bay). J Infect Dis 2002; 185: 497502.
  • 23
    Vollaard AM, Ali S, van Asten HAGH et al. Risk factors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Jakarta, Indonesia. JAMA 2004; 291: 26072615.
  • 24
    Christie AB. 35185 1987 Edinburgh Churchill Livingstone, 1987.
  • 25
    Luby SP, Faizan MK, Fisher-Hoch SP et al. Risk factors for typhoid fever in an endemic setting, Karachi, Pakistan. Epidemiol Infect 1998; 120: 129138.
  • 26
    Gasem MH, Dolmans WMV, Keuter M, Djokomoeljanto R. Poor food hygiene and housing as risk factors for typhoid fever in Semarang, Indonesia. Trop Med Int Health 2001; 06: 484490.
  • 27
    Arya SC, Sharma KB. Urgent need for effective vaccine against Salmonella paratyphi A, B and C. Vaccine 1995; 13: 17271728.
  • 28
    Grewal HMS, Jureen R, Steinsland H, Digranes A. Molecular epidemiological study of Salmonella enterica serovar paratyphi B infections imported from Turkey to Western Norway. Scand J Infect Dis 2002; 34: 510.
  • 29
    De Las Casas C, Adachi J, Dupont H. Review article: travellers— diarrhoea. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1999; 13: 13731378.
  • 30
    Sinha A, Sazawal S, Kumar R et al. Typhoid fever in children aged less than 5 years. Lancet 1999; 354: 734737.
  • 31
    Saha SK, Baqui AH, Hanif M et al. Typhoid fever in Bangladesh: implications for vaccination policy. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2001; 20: 521524.
  • 32
    Kollaritsch H. Kollaritsch H. Travelers— diarrhea among Austrian tourists in warm climates countries I. Epidemiology. Eur J Epidemiol 1989; 5:7481.
  • 33
    Lin FC, Ho VA, Bay PV et al. The epidemiology of typhoid fever in the Dong Thap province, Mekong delta region of Vietnam. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2000; 62: 644648.
  • 34
    Brunvatne R, Blystad H, Hoel T. Health hazards for immigrants when travelling to their home countries. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2002; 122: 15681572.
  • 35
    Braddick MR, Sharp JC. Enteric fever in Scotland 1975–1990. Public Health 1993; 107: 193198.
  • 36
    Kidenya V, Ferson MJ. Typhoid and paratyphoid fever in south-eastern Sydney, 1992–1997. Commun Dis Intell 2000; 24: 233236.
  • 37
    Blystad H. Import of malaria to Norway 1989–98. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2000; 120: 16531657.