Results and complications of a novel technique for primary castration with an inguinal approach in horses
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2010
2009 EVJ Ltd
Equine Veterinary Journal
Volume 41, Issue 6, pages 547–551, July 2009
How to Cite
Kummer, M., Gygax, D., Jackson, M., Bettschart-Wolfensberger, R. and Fürst, A. (2009), Results and complications of a novel technique for primary castration with an inguinal approach in horses. Equine Veterinary Journal, 41: 547–551. doi: 10.2746/042516409X415018
- Issue published online: 5 JAN 2010
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2010
- Paper received for publication 16.10.08; Accepted 01.12.08
- novel technique;
- inguinal approach;
- vaginal tunic;
- primary healing
Reasons for performing study: Complications associated with equine castration can have medical and financial consequences. This retrospective study investigated a novel method of castration via an inguinal approach in mature stallions and compared the incidence of complications with other methods.
Hypothesis: Castration via an inguinal approach has a low complication rate at the site of surgery compared with other castration techniques.
Methods: Mature stallions (n = 238) were castrated under general anaesthesia in dorsal recumbency using an inguinal approach. The vaginal process was incised, the spermatic cord ligated twice and the testis removed. After suturing, the vaginal process and one or 2 layers of fascia, the subcutis and cutis were closed in a simple continuous pattern.
Results: Five of 238 (2.1%) horses had post operative haemorrhage and a haematoma in the scrotal region, which required additional treatment. All horses made a full recovery. Five of 238 (2.1%) of the horses had a post operative respiratory infection, which resolved with antibiotic therapy. Sixteen of 238 (8.8%) had transient signs of colic shortly after surgery.
Conclusion: This technique of castration with an inguinal approach had a low incidence of complications at the site of surgery compared with other methods. An inguinal approach and leaving the vaginal tunic in situ may cause less soft tissue trauma than a scrotal approach.