Concurrent or sequential development of medial meniscal and subchondral cystic lesions within the medial femorotibial joint in horses (1996–2006)
Article first published online: 14 DEC 2009
© 2009 EVJ Ltd
Equine Veterinary Journal
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 5–9, January 2010
How to Cite
HENDRIX, S. M., BAXTER, G. M., Mc ILWRAITH, C. W., HENDRICKSON, D. A., GOODRICH, L. R., FRISBIE, D. D. and TROTTER, G. W. (2010), Concurrent or sequential development of medial meniscal and subchondral cystic lesions within the medial femorotibial joint in horses (1996–2006). Equine Veterinary Journal, 42: 5–9. doi: 10.2746/042516409X454556
- Issue published online: 14 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 14 DEC 2009
- [Paper received for publication 20.03.09; Accepted 07.04.09]
- subchondral cystic lesion;
Reasons for performing study: Medial meniscal injuries and subchondral cystic lesions (SCL) are known to occur independently within the medial femorotibial (MFT) joint in horses. However, there are no reports of a potential clinical relationship between these 2 types of lesions.
Objectives: To: 1) document the concurrent presence or sequential development of medial meniscal and SCL of the medial femoral condyle within the MFT joint; and 2) determine the prognosis with both types of lesions.
Methods: Retrospective case series of horses with both a medial meniscal and SCL of the medial femoral condyle identified concurrently or sequentially by radiography, arthroscopy or post mortem examination. Case records and radiographs were reviewed, and a telephone survey of referring veterinarians, owners and trainers was conducted.
Results: Twenty-one horses (9.1% of all horses undergoing MFT joint arthroscopy) were identified to have both a medial meniscal injury and SCL of the medial femoral condyle. Thirteen horses had both abnormalities identified concurrently, 6 developed a meniscal lesion subsequent to SCL debridement, and 2 developed a SCL subsequent to a medial meniscal injury. Only 4/19 horses were classified as successful and returned to their intended use. The severity of the meniscal injury was significantly associated with the severity of lameness but not with outcome.
Conclusions: A low percentage of horses may develop both a meniscal injury and SCL of the medial femoral condyle within the MFT joint and have a poor prognosis.
Potential relevance: Trauma to the MFT joint may lead to both meniscal and subchondral bone damage of the medial femoral condyle that may be recognised concurrently or sequentially.