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Keywords:

  • horse;
  • osseous cyst-like lesions;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • foot lameness

Summary

Osseous cyst-like lesions (OCLLs) were diagnosed by standing low-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in 9 mature horses (age range 6–17 years). All horses had been subjected to a routine lameness evaluation (including standard foot radiographs) with no diagnosis being reached prior to MR imaging. The duration of lameness ranged from one month to one year. OCLLs were diagnosed in 12 feet. The site of the lesions included the distal phalanx in 11 feet (subchondral bone in 4, insertion of collateral ligaments of the distal interphalangeal joint in 4, insertion of the distal sesamoidean impar ligament in 3) and the subchondral bone of the distal aspect of the middle phalanx in one foot. OCLLs were characterised by discrete spherical or elliptical areas of high or intermediate signal in all MR sequences. In most cases the lesion was surrounded by a rim of bone with abnormally low signal.