• Open Access

Assessment of the results of the study by McCann et al. (2007) on the effect of some colours and sodium benzoate on children's behaviour - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Food Contact Materials (AFC)


  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

  • Panel members: Fernando Aguilar, Herman Autrup, Sue Barlow∗, Laurence Castle, Riccardo Crebelli, Wolfgang Dekant, Karl-Heinz Engel, Natalie Gontard, David Gott*, Sandro Grilli, Rainer Gürtler, John Chr. Larsen, Catherine Leclercq, Jean-Charles Leblanc, F. Xavier Malcata, Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, Iona Pratt, Ivonne Rietjens, Paul Tobback, Fidel Toldrá.
  • Acknowledgement: The European Food Safety Authority wishes to thank the members of the ad hoc Working Group on the study from the Southampton University on the effect of some colours and benzoic acid on hyperactivity for the preparation of this opinion: Jan Buitelaar, John Chr. Larsen, Manfred Doepfner, Manfred Gerlach, Michael Kenward, Alicja Mortensen, Iona Pratt (WG Chair), Diane Purper-Ouakil, Ivonne Rietjens, Terje Sagvolden, Stephen Senn, Stephan Strobel. The Panel wishes to thank Prof. J. Stevenson, one of the authors of the McCann et al. study, for the fact that he has met with the ad hoc Working group to discuss methodological and other issues. In addition, the Panel wishes to thank the Food Standards Agency and Prof. J. Stevenson for providing EFSA with the study details. The Panel also wishes to thank the Assessment Methodology Unit of EFSA for their assistance with the statistical re-analysis.
  • Adoption date: 7 March 2008
  • Published date: 14 March 2008
  • Question number: EFSA-Q-2007-171