• Open Access

Scientific opinion on welfare of dairy cows in relation to behaviour, fear and pain based on a risk assessment with special reference to the impact of housing, feeding, management and genetic selection


  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

  • Panel members: Bo Algers, Harry J. Blokhuis, Anette Botner, Donald M. Broom, Patrizia Costa, Mariano Domingo, Mathias Greiner, Jörg Hartung, Frank Koenen, Christine Müller-Graf, Raj Mohan, David B. Morton, Albert Osterhaus, Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Ron Roberts, Moez Sanaa, Mo Salman, J. Michael Sharp, Philippe Vannier, Martin Wierup.
  • Acknowledgement: The European Food Safety Authority and the AHAW Panel wish to thank the members of the Working Group: Donald Broom, Bo Algers, Joerg Hartung, Frans Smulders, Telmo Nunes, Lene Munksgaard, Lena Lidfors, Pascal Oltenacu, Susanne Waiblinger and Jeffrey Rushen for the development of the Risk Assessment process which has been the basis of this Scientific Opinion. The scientific co-ordination for this Scientific Opinion has been undertaken by the EFSA AHAW Panel Scientific Officers Denise Candiani and Oriol Ribò.
  • Adoption date: 5 June 2009
  • Published date: 9 July 2009
  • Question number: EFSA-Q-2008-340