• Open Access

Scientific Opinion in relation to the authorisation procedure for health claims on calcium and vitamin D and the reduction of the risk of osteoporotic fractures by reducing bone loss pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

Authors

  • EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA)


  • Panel members: Carlo Agostoni, Jean-Louis Bresson, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Albert Flynn, Ines Golly, Hannu Korhonen, Pagona Lagiou, Martinus Løvik, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Bevan Moseley, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Hildegard Przyrembel, Seppo Salminen, Yolanda Sanz, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Stephan Strobel, Inge Tetens, Daniel Tomé, Hendrik van Loveren and Hans Verhagen.
  • Correspondence: nda@efsa.europa.eu
  • Acknowledgement: The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Claims for the preparatory work on this opinion: Carlo Agostoni, Jean-Louis Bresson, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Albert Flynn, Ines Golly, Marina Heinonen, Hannu Korhonen, Martinus Løvik, Ambroise Martin, Hildegard Przyrembel, Seppo Salminen, Yolanda Sanz, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Inge Tetens, Hendrik van Loveren and Hans Verhagen.
  • Adoption date: 30 April 2010
  • Published date: 17 May 2010
  • Question number: EFSA-Q-2009-00940
  • On request from: European Commission

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver a scientific opinion in relation to the authorisation procedure for health claims on calcium and vitamin D and the reduction of the risk of osteoporotic fractures by reducing bone loss pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. A cause and effect relationship was established between the intake of calcium, either alone or in combination with vitamin D, and reducing the loss of BMD, which may contribute to a reduction in the risk of bone fracture. This relationship implies that the critical nutrient in relation to the claimed effect is calcium. The Panel proposes that at least 1200 mg of calcium from all sources or at least 1200 mg of calcium and 800 I.U. of vitamin D from all sources to be consumed daily should be considered for the purpose of setting conditions of use for a risk reduction claim on the loss of BMD, which may contribute to a reduction in the risk of bone fracture. The target population is women 50 years and older. Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL) have been established for calcium and vitamin D in adults.

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