• Open Access

Analysis of the baseline survey on the prevalence of Campylobacter in broiler batches and of Campylobacter and Salmonella on broiler carcasses, in the EU, 2008 - Part B: Analysis of factors associated with Salmonella contamination of broiler carcasses


  • European Food Safety Authority

  • Correspondence: zoonoses@efsa.europa.eu
  • Acknowledgement: EFSA wishes to thank the members of the Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection: Andrea Ammon, Susan Chircop, Georgi Chobanov, Veronica Cibin, Jürg Danuser, Kris De Smet, Emma Martín Denia, Matthias Hartung, Birgitte Helwigh, Merete Hofshagen, Simona Iannetti, Patrícia Inácio, Sarolta Idei, Helle Korsgaard, Elina Lahti, Lesley Larkin, Jose Luis Saez Llorente, Peter Much, Edith Nagy, Iona Neghirla, Lisa O'Connor, Rob Van Oosterom, Jacek Osek, Manca Pavšič, Christodoulos Pipis, Saara Raulo, Tatjana Ribakova, Julien Santolini, Petr Šatrán, Joseph Schon, Jelena Sõgel, Snieguole Sceponaviciene, Kilian Unger, Luc Vanholme and Dimitris Vourvidis for the endorsement of the report; the members of the Working Group on the analysis of 2008 broiler carcasses baseline survey: Dirk Berkvens, Enne de Boer, Marjaana Hakkinen, Mary Howell, Annemarie Kaesbohrer, Micheál O'Mahony, Eva Olsson Engvall, Hanne Rosenquist, Moez Sanaa, Mieke Uyttendaele, Arjen van de Giessen and Jaap Wagenaar for the preparation of this EFSA scientific output; Antonia Ricci for the peer review, the EFSA's contractors: Lieven De Zutter from University of Ghent, Tine Hald from Technical University of Denmark, Saskia Litière and Marc Aerts from University of Hasselt and Alessandro Mannelli from University of Turin, and the EFSA's staff members: Maria Teresa Da Silva Felício, Kenneth Mulligan and Frank Boelaert for the support provided to this EFSA scientific output.
  • Approval date: 14 February 2011
  • Published date: 18 February 2011
  • Question number: EFSA-Q-2010-00687
  • On request from: European Commission


A European Union-wide baseline survey on Campylobacter in broiler batches and on Campylobacter and Salmonella on broiler carcasses was carried out in 2008. In the Salmonella sub-survey a total of 10,035 broiler batches were sampled from 561 slaughterhouses in 26 European Union Member States and two countries not belonging to the European Union. From each randomly selected batch one carcass was collected after chilling and the neck skin together with the breast skin was examined for the presence of Salmonella. Multivariable regression analysis showed that the risk for Salmonella-contaminated carcasses increased with the slaughter capacity of the slaughterhouse and with processing of the carcass later during the day. The risk for contamination of carcasses with Salmonella varied significantly between countries and between slaughterhouses within a country, even when other associated factors were accounted for. The Salmonella serovar distribution varied among Member States, many of them having a specific distribution pattern of their own and no specific serovar was predominant in all countries in the survey. The most commonly reported serovars were S. Infantis, S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium. Many of the reported serovars seem to have become well-established in broiler production.