The conclusions of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) following the peer review of the initial risk assessments carried out by the competent authority of the rapporteur Member State, Germany, for the pesticide active substance acetic acid are reported. The context of the peer review was that required by Commission Regulation (EC) No 2229/2004, as amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1095/2007 and Commission Regulation (EU) No. 114/2010. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of acetic acid as a herbicide in pome fruit, stone fruit, paths and roads, ornamental trees and shrubs, turf, and lawns. The reliable endpoints concluded as being appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment, derived from the available studies and literature in the dossier peer reviewed, are presented. Missing information identified as being required by the regulatory framework is listed. Concerns are identified.