In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, Italy, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from Bayer CropScience AG to modify the existing MRLs for the active substance triflumuron in stone fruits and citrus. Italy proposed to lower the existing MRLs from 1 mg/kg to 0.3 mg/kg in peaches and plums. The data were considered as not sufficient to raise the existing MRLs in oranges and mandarins to accommodate for their import from South Africa. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive MRL proposals of 0.4 mg/kg and 0.08 mg/kg for the proposed use on peaches and plums, respectively. EFSA confirms the conclusion of the EMS that the import tolerance request for oranges and mandarins is not sufficiently supported by data. An adequate analytical enforcement method is available to control the residues of triflumuron in the commodities under consideration. Based on a preliminary risk assessment, EFSA concludes that the proposed use of triflumuron on peaches and plums will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.