In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the Netherlands, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from Nissan Chemical Europe S.A.R.L. to modify the existing maximum residue level (MRL) for the active substance pyridaben in cucurbits – edible peel. In order to accommodate for the intended uses of pyridaben, the Netherlands proposed to raise the existing MRL from 0.1 mg/kg to a MRL of 0.15 mg/kg. the Netherlands drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive a MRL proposal of 0.15 mg/kg for the proposed use on cucurbits – edible peel. A fully validated analytical enforcement method is available to control the residues of pyridaben in the commodities under consideration. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the proposed use of pyridaben on cucurbits – edible peel will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.