The conclusions of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) following the peer review of the initial risk assessment carried out by the competent authority of the rapporteur Member State Spain for the pesticide active substance oxyfluorfen are reported. The context of the peer review was that requested by the European Commission following the submission and evaluation of confirmatory data regarding environmental fate and behaviour and ecotoxicology. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of oxyfluorfen as a herbicide in grapes, pome fruits and sunflower. The reliable endpoints concluded as being appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment, derived from the available studies and literature in the dossier peer reviewed, are presented. Concerns are identified.