• 1
    Bruce N, Rehfuess E, Mehta S, Hutton G, Smith K. Indoor air pollution. In: Disease control priorities in developing countries. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2006. pp.: 793815.
  • 2
    von Schirnding Y, Bruce N, Smith K, Ballars-Tremeer G, Ezzati M, Lvovsky K. Addressing the impact of household energy and indoor air pollution on the health of the poor – implications for policy action and intervention measures. Commission on Macroeconomics and Health Working Paper WG5:12, 2001.
  • 3
    Smith KR, Mehta S. The burden of disease from indoor air pollution in developing countries: comparison of estimates. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2003;206:27989.
  • 4
    World Health Organization. World health report 2002. Reducing risk, promoting healthy life. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.
  • 5
    Pandey MR, Boliej JSM, Smith KR, Wafula EM. Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute respiratory infections in children. Lancet. 1989;4279.
  • 6
    Ezzati M, Kammen DM. The health impacts of exposures to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: knowledge, gaps, and data needs. Environ Health Perspect. 2002;110:105768.
  • 7
    World Health Organization. Health and environment in sustainable development (WHO/EHG/97.7). Geneva: World Health Organization, 1997.
  • 8
    Smith KR. Biofuels, air pollution, and health: a global review. New York: Plenum Press, 1987. pp.: 601.
  • 9
    Naeher LP, Brauer M, Lipsett M, Zelikoff JT, Simpson CD, Koenig JQ, et al Woodsmoke health effects: a review. Inhal Toxicol. 2007;19:67106.
  • 10
    Smith KR, Samet JM, Romieu I, Bruce N. Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children. Thorax. 2000;55(6):51832.
  • 11
    Ezzati M, Kammen DM. Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109:4818.
  • 12
    Ezzati M, Kammen DM. An exposure-response relationship for acute respiratory infections as a result of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. Lancet. 2001;358:61924.
  • 13
    Bruce N, Perez-Padilla R, Albalak R. Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge. Bull World Health Org. 2000;78(9):107892.
  • 14
    Smith KR, Liu Y. Indoor air pollution in developing countries. In: SametJ (ed). Epidemiology of lung cancer. Lung biology in health and disease. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1993.
  • 15
    Hu G, Ran P. Indoor air pollution as a lung health hazard: focus on populous countries. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2009;15:15864.
  • 16
    World Health Organization. Addressing the links between indoor air pollution, household energy and human health. The WHO-USAID Global Consultation on the Health Impact of Indoor Air Pollution and Household Energy in Developing Countries (Meeting report), Washington, DC, 34 May 2000.
  • 17
    Rinne ST, Rodas EJ, Rinne ML, Simpson JM, Glickman LT. Use of biomass fuel is associated with infant mortality and child health in trend analysis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;76:585591.
  • 18
    Mishra V, Dai X, Smith KR, Mika L. Maternal exposure to biomass smoke and reduced birth weight in Zimbabwe. Ann Epidemiol. 2004;14:7407.
  • 19
    Mishra V, Retherford RD, Smith KR. Cooking smoke and tobacco smoke as risk factors for stillbirth. Int J Environ Health Res. 2005;15:397410.
  • 20
    Boy E, Bruce N, Delgado H. Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural Guatemala. Env Health Perspect. 2002;110:10914.
  • 21
    Siddiqui AR, Gold EB, Yang X, Lee K, Brown KH, Bhutta ZA. Prenatal exposure to wood fuel smoke and low birth weight. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116:5439.
  • 22
    Glinianaia SV, Rankin J, Bell R, Pless-Mulloli T, Howel D. Particulate air pollution and fetal health: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence. Epidemiol. 2004;15:3645.
  • 23
    Šrám RJ, Binková B, Dejmek J, Bobak M. Ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes: a review of the literature. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113:37582.
  • 24
    Leonardi-Bee JA, Robert Smyth A, Britton J, Coleman T. Environmental tobacco smoke on fetal health: Systematic review and meta-analyses. Arch Dis Child. 2008;93:35161.
  • 25
    U.S. Surgeon General's Report. The health consequences of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006.
  • 26
    Pogodina C, Brunner LR, Racine EF, Platonova E. Smoke-free homes for smoke free babies: the role of residential environmental tobacco smoke on low birth weight. J Comm Health. 2009; In Press.
  • 27
    Leonardi-Bee J, Smyth A, Britton J, Coleman T. Environmental tobacco smoke and fetal health: systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2008;93:F35161.
  • 28
    Goel P, Radotra A, Singh I, Aggarwal A, Dua D. Effects of passive smoking on outcome of pregnancy. J Postgrad Med. 2004;50:126.
  • 29
    Tielsch JM, Katz J, Thulasiraj RD, Coles CL, Sheeladevi S, Yanik EL, et al Exposure to indoor biomass fuel and tobacco smoke and risk of adverse reproductive outcomes, and mortality, respiratory morbidity and growth among newborn infants in South India. Int J Epidemiol. 2009; In Press.
  • 30
    Bloch M, Althabe F, Onyamboko M, Kaseba-Sata C, Castilla EE, Freire S, et al Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure during pregnancy: an investigative survey of women in 9 developing nations. Am J Public Health. 2008;98:183340.
  • 31
    Belizán JM, Delgado H, Mejía-Pivaral V, Valverde V, Klein RE. Criteria for selection of communities in poor rural areas with high risk of low birthweight babies. J Trop Med Hyg. 1981;84:2438.
  • 32
    Dary O, Pineda O, Belizán JM. Carbon monoxide contamination in dwellings in poor rural areas of Guatemala. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 1981;26:2430.
  • 33
    Longo LD. The biologic effects of carbon monoxide on the pregnant women, fetus, and newborn infant. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1977;129:69103.