Maternal Deaths in Sweden, 1971–1980

Authors

  • Ulf Högberg M.D.

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Obstetrics and Oynecology, University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden
      Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University Hospital of Umeå, S-901 85 Umeå, Sweden
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Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University Hospital of Umeå, S-901 85 Umeå, Sweden

Abstract

Sixty-eight deaths during pregnancy, parturition and puerperium were recorded in Sweden during the years 1971–80, giving a maternal mortality of 6.6 per 100 000 live births. the figurese for abdominal delivery and vaginal were 45.0 and 2.5 per 100000 live births respectively. Am-niotic fluid embolism, pulmonary embolism and hemorrhage were the main causes of death within 24 hours after delivery, while pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and sepsis were predominant during the rest of the puerperium. Age and parity are highly important risk factors. Presumed avoidable factors were identified in 19% of the cases. 9% of the deaths were related to unwanted pregnancy.

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