Eighteen patients, under the age of 60 years, who have been treated with local excision of the vulva, participated in the study in which sexual function and somatopsychic reactions were evaluated by personal interviews. Furthermore both objective and subjective cosmetic results were registered. After this type of operation, fewer than one-third of the patients had postoperative sexual and somatopsychic problems, whereas more than half of the patients undergoing vulvectomy did report such problems. Fourteen out of 18 patients were satisfied with the cosmetic result and in 12 of the patients no disfiguration was found. This study shows that local excision of intra-epithelial neoplasia of the vulva is far less sexually traumatic than is vulvectomy.