How effectively do copper intrauterine devices prevent ectopic pregnancy?
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2010
1997 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume 76, Issue 7, pages 684–690, August 1997
How to Cite
Skjeldestad, F. E. (1997), How effectively do copper intrauterine devices prevent ectopic pregnancy?. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 76: 684–690. doi: 10.3109/00016349709024611
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2010
- Submitted 12 August. 1996; Accepted 7 January 1997
- case-control study;
- contraceptive efficacy;
- copper intrauterine devices;
- ectopic pregnancy
Objective. To assess the risk of ectopic pregnancy when using copper intrauterine devices relative to non-use of coniraception and female sterilization.
Design. Case-control study.
Material and methods. All cases diagnosed with a histologically verified extrauterine pregnancy and who became spontaneously pregnant in one Norwegian county from January 1, 1987 through to December 31, 1990 were eligible. Non-pregnant control women were chosen at random from the Norwegian Population Registry. Eligible for study were sexually active women, from 20 to 39 years of age, and who defined themselves as fecund. Included in the final analyses were 168 cases and 1,169 controls, who had all been previously pregnant. Statistical methods. Chi square test and unconditional logistic regression.
Results. Compared with non-users of contraception, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) among current users of copper intrauterine devices was 0.09 (95% confidence intervals (CI); 0.06 0.13). Compared with women who were sterilized, the aOR of having an ectopic pregnancy among current copper IUD users was 1.6 (95% CI; 0.7-3.5).
Conclusion. Relative to non-users of contraception, current copper IUD users had a 91% (95% CI; 87-94%) protection against ectopic pregnancy, while compared with women who had had a tubal sterilization, current copper IUD users had a 60% non-significant increased risk of ectopic pregnancy.