Is directly measured physical activity related to adiposity in preschool children?
Version of Record online: 30 SEP 2011
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International Journal of Pediatric Obesity
Volume 6, Issue 5-6, pages 389–400, October 2011
How to Cite
SIJTSMA, A., SAUER, P. J. J., STOLK, R. P. and CORPELEIJN, E. (2011), Is directly measured physical activity related to adiposity in preschool children?. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6: 389–400. doi: 10.3109/17477166.2011.606323
- Issue online: 30 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 30 SEP 2011
- Received 25 November 2010; final version received 8 July 2011
- Adipose tissue;
- body mass index;
This review summarizes the association between directly assessed physical activity and adiposity in preschool children (age 1.5–6 years). It includes 17 cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that were published between January 1999 and February 2010. The association between physical activity and obesity seems to depend on the outcome measure of adiposity. In 60% (3/5) of the studies using percentage body fat, an inverse significant relationship with physical activity was found against 18% (2/11) of the studies that used body mass index as method to assess adiposity. Physical activity is inversely related to percentage body fat in preschool children. The associations between physical activity and body mass index as a measure of adiposity in preschool children remain elusive. Further studies using directly measured physical activity and percentage body fat to define adiposity are needed to draw more firm conclusions.