Joseph L. Smith is Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Alabama, Box 870213, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0213 <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Judicial Procedures as Instruments of Political Control: Congress's Strategic Use of Citizen Suits
Version of Record online: 7 JAN 2011
2006 Comparative Legislative Research Center at the University of Iowa
Legislative Studies Quarterly
Volume 31, Issue 2, pages 283–305, May 2006
How to Cite
SMITH, J. L. (2006), Judicial Procedures as Instruments of Political Control: Congress's Strategic Use of Citizen Suits. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 31: 283–305. doi: 10.3162/036298006X201814
- Issue online: 7 JAN 2011
- Version of Record online: 7 JAN 2011
Citizen suit provisions, which give proregulatory interests access to the federal courts, can be used by Congress to increase the courts' role in regulatory policy. I analyze 284 environmental regulation bills reported favorably out of committee and show that committee support for citizen suits is a function of the committee's policy goals and the political context in which the bills are generated. These findings indicate that Congress deliberately uses judicial procedures as instruments of political control and that scholars examining judicial policymaking must include legislative goals in the list of explanatory factors.