Neal D. Woods <email@example.com> is Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of South Carolina, 327 Gambrell Hall, Columbia, SC 29208-0001.
Legislative Professionalism and Influence on State Agencies: The Effects of Resources and Careerism
Article first published online: 7 JAN 2011
2006 Comparative Legislative Research Center at the University of Iowa
Legislative Studies Quarterly
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 585–609, November 2006
How to Cite
WOODS, N. D. and BARANOWSKI, M. (2006), Legislative Professionalism and Influence on State Agencies: The Effects of Resources and Careerism. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 31: 585–609. doi: 10.3162/036298006X201940
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 7 JAN 2011
Legislative professionalization typically involves two concomitant processes: increasing institutional resources and increasing careerism among state legislators. These processes, we argue, entail different effects for legislative influence on state administrative agencies. Greater legislative resources serve to increase legislative influence, but greater political careerism among state legislators serves to decrease it. Because these two processes are normally intertwined within the process of legislative professionalization, the net effect of professionalism is uncertain, although our analysis suggests that the negative effect of careerism may outweigh the positive effect of institutional resources. These results have significant implications for the democratic responsiveness of executive branch agencies.