Paul S. Herrnson <email@example.com> is Director of the Center for American Politics and Citizenship and Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland, 3102C Morrill Hall, College Park, MD 20742.
Presidential Campaigning in the 2002 Congressional Elections
Article first published online: 7 JAN 2011
2007 Comparative Legislative Research Center at the University of Iowa
Legislative Studies Quarterly
Volume 32, Issue 4, pages 629–648, November 2007
How to Cite
HERRNSON, P. S. and MORRIS, I. L. (2007), Presidential Campaigning in the 2002 Congressional Elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 32: 629–648. doi: 10.3162/036298007782398468
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 7 JAN 2011
Theories involving coattails, surge and decline, presidential popularity, and the economy ascribe little importance to presidential efforts to influence congressional elections. Since such efforts do occur, we ask: What happens when a president campaigns for fellow partisans? We examined President George W. Bush's decisions to campaign for certain House candidates in 2002, and we assessed the effect of his visits on Republicans' electoral successes. Both the competitiveness of a race and the president's electoral self-interest increased the likelihood of a visit on behalf of a candidate. Neither party loyalty nor presidential support in Congress had an effect. We conclude that presidential campaign visits significantly enhance candidates' electoral prospects.