SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Steinfeld JL. Women and children last? Attitudes toward cigarette smoking and nonsmokers' rights, 1971. NY State J Med 1983; 83:12571258.
  • 2
    US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The Health Consequences of Smoking; A Report of the Surgeon General: 1972. Washington, DC: US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Health Services and Mental Health Administration; 1972.
  • 3
    US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2006.
  • 4
    Roper Organization. A Study of Public Attitudes Toward Cigarette Smoking and the Tobacco Industry in 1978. New York, NY: Roper Organization; 1978.
  • 5
    California Environmental Protection Agency. Health Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Sacramento, CA: California Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Reproductive and Cancer Hazard Assessment Section and Air Toxicology and Epidemiology Section; 1997.
  • 6
    American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation. Smokefree Lists, Maps, and Data. Available at: http://www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?id=519. Accessed July 8, 2007.
  • 7
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State-specific prevalence of smoke-free home rules—United States, 1992–2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2007; 56:501504.
  • 8
    Howell F. Smoke-free bars in Ireland: a runaway success. Tob Control 2005; 14:7374.
  • 9
    McCaffrey M, Goodman PG, Kelleher K, Clancy L. Smoking, occupancy and staffing levels in a selection of Dublin pubs pre and post a national smoking ban, lessons for all. Ir J Med Sci 2006; 175:3740.
  • 10
    Clancy L. Ireland's workplace smoking ban. Breathe 2007; 3:237295.
  • 11
    Koh H, Joossens L, Connolly G. Making smoking history worldwide. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:14961498.
  • 12
    World Health Organization. WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Available at: http://www.who.int/tobacco/framework/WHO_FCTC_english.pdf. Accessed July 8, 2007.
  • 13
    World Health Organization. Updated status of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Available at: http://www.who.int/tobacco/framework/countrylist/en/index.html. Accessed August 31, 2007.
  • 14
    Global Smokefree Partnership. Nations at International Tobacco Control Conference Seize Opportunity to Protect People from Secondhand Smoke and Save Lives. Available at: http://www.fctc.org/x/documents/COP2PressRelease_FCA-GSP_3July.pdf. Accessed July 7, 2007.
  • 15
    Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010. Available at: http://www.healthypeople.gov/. Accessed July 8, 2007.
  • 16
    Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010: Midcourse Review. Available at: http://www.healthypeople.gov/data/midcourse/pdf/fa27.pdf. Accessed July 7, 2007.
  • 17
    Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals: Third Report. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. Accessed July 7, 2007.
  • 18
    Pirkle JL, Bernert JT, Caudill SP, et al. Trends in the exposure of nonsmokers in the U.S. population to secondhand smoke: 1988–2002. Environ Health Perspect 2006; 114:853858.
  • 19
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services. QuickStats: Median Serum Cotinine Levels in Nonsmokers, by Age Group—National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), United States, 1988–1991 through 2001–2002. MMWR Weekly 2006 55:1130. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5541a7.htm. Accessed September 6, 2007.
  • 20
    Pickett MS, Schober SE, Brody DJ, et al. Smoke-free laws and secondhand smoke exposure in US non-smoking adults, 1999–2002. Tob Control 2006; 15:302307.
  • 21
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Reduced secondhand smoke exposure after implementation of a comprehensive statewide smoking ban—New York, June 26, 2003–June 30, 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2007; 56:705708.
  • 22
    Jacobson PD, Wasserman J. The implementation and enforcement of tobacco control laws: policy implications for activists and the industry. J Health Polit Policy Law 1999; 24:567598.
  • 23
    Borland R, Yong HH, Siahpush M, et al. Support for and reported compliance with smoke-free restaurants and bars by smokers in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey. Tob Control 2006:iii34iii41.
  • 24
    Task Force on Community Preventive Services. The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What Works to Promote Health? New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2005.
  • 25
    Fong GT, Hyland A, Borland R, et al. Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK Survey. Tob Control 2006; 15:iii51iii58.
  • 26
    National Cancer Institute. Population Based Smoking Cessation: Proceedings of a Conference on What Works to Influence Cessation in the General Population. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 12. Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; 2000. NIH Pub. No. 00-4892.
  • 27
    Task Force on Community Preventive Services. The guide to community preventive services: tobacco use prevention and control. Am J Prev Med 2001; 20:188.
  • 28
    Levy DT, Nikolayev L, Mumford E. Recent trends in smoking and the role of public policies: results from the SimSmoke tobacco control policy simulation model. Addiction 2005; 100:15261536.
  • 29
    Levy DT. The role of public policies in reducing smoking prevalence: results from the SimSmoke tobacco policy simulation model, in BonnieRJ, StrattonK, WallaceRB (eds). Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine; 2007.
  • 30
    Stark MJ, Rohde K, Maher JE, et al. The impact of clean indoor air exemptions and preemption policies on the prevalence of a tobacco-specific lung carcinogen among nonsmoking bar and restaurant workers. Am J Public Health 2007; 97:14571463.
  • 31
    Behan DF, Eriksen MP, Lin Y. Economic Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Society of Actuaries. Available at: http://www.soa.org/research/files/pdf/ETSReportFinalDraft(Final%203).pdf. Accessed July 8, 2007.
  • 32
    Deloitte & Touche LLP. The Impact of Non-smoking Ordinances on Restaurant Financial Performance. Washington, DC: Deloitte & Touche LLP; 2003.
  • 33
    KPMG Peat Marwick. Effects of 1998 California Smoking Ban on Bars, Taverns and Night Clubs. Washington, DC: American Beverage Institute; 1998.
  • 34
    Chaloupka FJ, Warner KE. The economics of smoking, in CuylerAJ, NewhouseJP (eds). The Handbook of Health Economics. New York, NY: North-Holland, Elsevier Science B.V.; 2000.
  • 35
    Jha P, Chaloupka FJ. Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; 1999.
  • 36
    Glantz SA, Smith LR. The effect of ordinances requiring smoke-free restaurants on restaurant sales. Am J Public Health 1994; 84:10811085.
  • 37
    Glantz SA, Smith LR. The effect of ordinances requiring smoke-free restaurants and bars on revenues: a follow-up. Am J Public Health 1997; 87:16871693.
  • 38
    Hyland A, Cummings KM. Restaurant employment before and after the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act. J Public Health Manag Pract 1999; 5:2227.
  • 39
    Hyland A, Tuk J. Restaurant employment boom in New York City. Tob Control 2001; 10:199.
  • 40
    Connolly GN, Carpenter C, Alpert HR, et al. Evaluation of the Massachusetts Smoke-Free Workplace Law: A Preliminary Report. Cambridge, MA: Harvard School of Public Health; 2005.
  • 41
    Pyles MK, Mullineaux DJ, Okoli CT, Hahn EJ. Economic effect of a smoke-free law in a tobacco-growing community. Tob Control 2007; 16:6668.
  • 42
    Alamar B, Glantz SA. Smoke-free ordinances increase restaurant profit and value. Contemp Econ Policy 2004; 22:520525.
  • 43
    Alamar B, Glantz SA. Effect of smoke-free laws on bar value and profits. Am J Public Health 2007; 97:14001402.
  • 44
    Glantz SA, Charlesworth A. Tourism and hotel revenues before and after passage of smoke-free restaurant ordinances. JAMA 1999; 281:19111918.
  • 45
    Hyland A, Puli V, Cummings KM, Sciandra R. New York's smoke-free regulations: effects on employment and sales in the hospitality industry. Cornell Hotel Restaur Adm Q 2003; 44:916.
  • 46
    Dai C, Denslow D, Hyland A, Lofinia B. The Economic Impact of Florida's Smoke-Free Workplace Law. Gainseville, FL: Bureau of Economic and Business Research, Warrington College of Business Administration, University of Florida; 2004.
  • 47
    Glantz SA, Wilson-Loots R. No association of smoke-free ordinances with profits from bingo and charitable games in Massachusetts. Tob Control 2003; 12:411413.
  • 48
    Mandel LL, Alamar BC, Glantz SA. Smoke-free law did not affect revenue from gaming in Delaware. Tob Control 2005; 14:1012.
  • 49
    Glantz SA, Alamar BC. Correction to Mandel LL, Alamar BC, Glantz SA. Smoke-free law did not affect revenue from gaming in Delaware. Tob Control 2005; 14:360.
  • 50
    Pakko MR. Smoke-free law did affect revenue from gaming in Delaware. Tob Control 2006; 15:6869.
  • 51
    Alamar B, Glantz SA. Authors' response to MR Pakko. Tob Control 2006; 15:69.
  • 52
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Assessment of the impact of a 100% smoke-free ordinance on restaurant sales—West Lake Hills, Texas, 1992–1994. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1995; 44:370372.
  • 53
    Hyland A, Cummings KM. Restaurateur reports of the economic impact of the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act. J Public Health Manag Pract 1999; 5:3742.
  • 54
    Hyland A, Cummings KM. Consumer response to the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act. J Public Health Manag Pract 1999; 5:2836.
  • 55
    Collins JT. Assessing the Economic Impact of the Fayetteville, Arkansas Smoking Ban. Fayetteville, AR: Center for Business and Economic Research, Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas; 2005.
  • 56
    Dress J, Boles S, Lichtenstein E, Strycker L. Multiple Impacts of a Bar Smoking Prohibition Ordinance in Corvallis, Oregon. San Francisco, CA: Pacific Research Institute; 1999.
  • 57
    Hayslett J, Huang P. Impact of clean indoor air ordinances on restaurant revenues in four Texas cities. Austin, TX: Bureau of Disease, Injury and Tobacco Prevention, Texas Department of Health; 2000.
  • 58
    Scollo M, Lal A. Summary of Studies Assessing the Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Policies in the Hospitality Industry. Carlton, Victoria: VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control; 2005.
  • 59
    Scollo M, Lal A, Hyland A, Glantz S. Review of the quality of studies on the economic effects of smoke-free policies on the hospitality industry. Tob Control 2003; 12:1320.
  • 60
    Glantz SA. Commentary: Assessing the effects of the Scottish Smokefree Law—the placebo effect and the importance of obtaining unbiased data. Int J Epidemiol 2007; 36:155156.
  • 61
    Cowling DW, Bond P. Smoke-free laws and bar revenues in California—the last call. Health Econ 2005; 14:12731281.