Cancer Screening in the United States, 2010: A Review of Current American Cancer Society Guidelines and Issues in Cancer Screening

Authors

  • Robert A. Smith PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Director of Cancer Screening, Cancer Control Science Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
    • American Cancer Society, Cancer Control Department, 250 Williams St., Atlanta, GA 30303
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  • Vilma Cokkinides PhD,

    1. Program Director for Risk Factor Surveillance, Department of Epidemiology and Research Surveillance, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
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  • Durado Brooks MD, MPH,

    1. Director of Prostate and Colorectal Cancer, Cancer Control Science Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
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  • Debbie Saslow PhD,

    1. Director of Breast and Gynecologic Cancers, Cancer Control Science Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
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  • Otis W. Brawley MD

    1. Executive Vice President for Research and Medical Affairs, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, and Editor-in-Chief of CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
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Abstract

Each year the American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes a summary of its recommendations for early cancer detection, a report on data and trends in cancer screening rates, and select issues related to cancer screening. In 2010, the ACS updated its guidelines for testing for early prostate cancer detection, and during 2009 there were several newsworthy updates in the cancer screening guidelines from other organizations. In this article, the current ACS guidelines and recent issues are summarized, updates of guidelines for testing for early breast cancer detection by the US Preventive Services Task Force and for prevention and early detection of cervical cancer from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists are addressed, and the most recent data from the National Health Interview Survey pertaining to participation rates in cancer screening are described. CA Cancer J Clin 2010;60:99–119. © 2010 American Cancer Society, Inc.

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