DISCLOSURES: This study was supported by National Cancer Institute (Grant #CA090739).
Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Cancer Society, Inc.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Volume 60, Issue 5, pages 317–339, September/October 2010
How to Cite
Northouse, L. L., Katapodi, M. C., Song, L., Zhang, L. and Mood, D. W. (2010), Interventions with Family Caregivers of Cancer Patients: Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 60: 317–339. doi: 10.3322/caac.20081
The authors thank Barbara Given, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, Michigan State University; Charles W. Given, PhD, Department of Family Practice, Michigan State University; and Bernadine Cimprich, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, University of Michigan for reviewing the article and offering valuable suggestions.
- Issue published online: 9 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
- National Cancer Institute. Grant Number: CA090739
Family caregivers of cancer patients receive little preparation, information, or support to perform their caregiving role. However, their psychosocial needs must be addressed so they can maintain their own health and provide the best possible care to the patient. The purpose of this article is to analyze the types of interventions offered to family caregivers of cancer patients, and to determine the effect of these interventions on various caregiver outcomes. Meta-analysis was used to analyze data obtained from 29 randomized clinical trials published from 1983 through March 2009. Three types of interventions were offered to caregivers: psychoeducational, skills training, and therapeutic counseling. Most interventions were delivered jointly to patients and caregivers, but they varied considerably with regard to dose and duration. The majority of caregivers were female (64%) and Caucasian (84%), and ranged in age from 18 to 92 years (mean age, 55 years). Meta-analysis indicated that although these interventions had small to medium effects, they significantly reduced caregiver burden, improved caregivers' ability to cope, increased their self-efficacy, and improved aspects of their quality of life. Various intervention characteristics were also examined as potential moderators. Clinicians need to deliver research-tested interventions to help caregivers and patients cope effectively and maintain their quality of life. CA Cancer J Clin 2010. © 2010 American Cancer Society, Inc.