DISCLOSURES: The authors reported no conflicts of interest.
The impact of eliminating socioeconomic and racial disparities on premature cancer deaths
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Cancer Society, Inc.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Volume 61, Issue 4, pages 212–236, July/August 2011
How to Cite
Siegel, R., Ward, E., Brawley, O. and Jemal, A. (2011), Cancer statistics, 2011. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 61: 212–236. doi: 10.3322/caac.20121
The authors would like to thank Dr. Jiaquan Xu at the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for generously providing cancer death rate data by educational attainment and Carol DeSantis and Deepa Naishadham in Surveillance Research at the American Cancer Society for providing analytic assistance.
Available online at http://cacancerjournal.org
- Issue published online: 30 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2011
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths expected in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival based on incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. A total of 1,596,670 new cancer cases and 571,950 deaths from cancer are projected to occur in the United States in 2011. Overall cancer incidence rates were stable in men in the most recent time period after decreasing by 1.9% per year from 2001 to 2005; in women, incidence rates have been declining by 0.6% annually since 1998. Overall cancer death rates decreased in all racial/ethnic groups in both men and women from 1998 through 2007, with the exception of American Indian/Alaska Native women, in whom rates were stable. African American and Hispanic men showed the largest annual decreases in cancer death rates during this time period (2.6% and 2.5%, respectively). Lung cancer death rates showed a significant decline in women after continuously increasing since the 1930s. The reduction in the overall cancer death rates since 1990 in men and 1991 in women translates to the avoidance of about 898,000 deaths from cancer. However, this progress has not benefitted all segments of the population equally; cancer death rates for individuals with the least education are more than twice those of the most educated. The elimination of educational and racial disparities could potentially have avoided about 37% (60,370) of the premature cancer deaths among individuals aged 25 to 64 years in 2007 alone. Further progress can be accelerated by applying existing cancer control knowledge across all segments of the population with an emphasis on those groups in the lowest socioeconomic bracket. CA Cancer J Clin 2011. © 2011 American Cancer Society.