This article is jointly published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, and American Journal of Clinical Pathology by the American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology.‡
The contents of this article are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, the US government, or any medical or academic institutions.§
DISCLOSURES:The following reported no financial relationships or potential conflicts of interest to disclose: D. Saslow, E. Partridge, B. Holladay, W. Kinney, H. Lawson, K. Noller, K. Poole, R. Smith, P. Fontaine, A. Herzig, M. Killackey, S. Kulasingam, D. McCoy, W. Brewster, J. Cain, D. Chelmow, V. King, R. Pretorius, B. Winkler, I. Eltoum, J. Kim, N. Wentzensen, L. Downs, S. Greening, H. Haefner, L. Zephyrin, M. Chevarie-Davis, D. Ekwueme, T. Colgan, M. Henry, S. Massad, K. Simon. P. Castle receives payment for service on the Data Monitoring and Safety Board for Merck Sharp & Dohme and has received free or discounted human papillomavirus tests for research from Qiagen and Roche. C. Cohen serves as a speaker for Merck, Inc, and receives honoraria. M. Edelson's spouse is employed by and receives a salary from Merck and Company. F. Garcia is employed by the University of Arizona, which holds contracts for the performance of research with Roche Pharmaceutical/Roche Molecular; Hologic; Third Wave Technologies; MTM Laboratories; Qiagen; Becton, Dickson and Company (BD); and MediSpectra/LUMA. He also serves on the Speakers' Bureau for Qiagen and receives honoraria. J. Cuzick serves on advisory boards and as an ad hoc consultant for Qiagen; Roche; Gen-Probe, Inc; BD; and Abbott Laboratories, with research funds provided to his institution from Qiagen; Roche; Gen-Probe, Inc; BD; and Abbott Laboratories. P. Gravitt has acted as a member of the Women's Health Advisory Board for Qiagen Corporation and has received research funding from Roche Molecular Systems and Merck, Inc within the last 5 years. E. Myers received research support for investigations for Gen-Probe, Inc, and from GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Inc. He served as a speaker for and received honoraria from Gen-Probe, Inc, and has served as a consultant for and received honoraria from Gen-Probe, Inc; Merck and Company; and GSK. M. Schiffman holds a research agreement to serve as a medical monitor in the National Cancer Institute (NCI) vaccine trial through GSK; he also receives research support from Qiagen for careHPV research in Nigeria. D. Solomon serves as a medical monitor for the NCI's Costa Rica HPV Vaccine Trial; the trial receives vaccine from GSK. M. Stoler received fees for serving as a consultant to Merck Research Laboratories; Roche; Ventana Medical Systems, Inc; BD; Hologic; MTM Laboratories; and Gen-Probe, Inc. D. Mody conducted lectures and workshops for the College of American Pathologists, American Society for Clinical Pathology, and the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC), for which she received honoraria and/or travel expenses. G. Birdsong's employer receives funding for contracted research performed by him for BD Diagnostics. C. Wheeler is an employee of University of New Mexico, which is contracted by GSK for its vaccine trials and receives equipment/reagents from Roche Molecular Systems, Inc, for human papillomavirus genotyping. D. Wilbur serves on the scientific advisory board for Corista, LLC. T. Darragh received ThinPrep supplies for research from Hologic. She also serves on an advisory board for OncoHealth Corporation and has received stock options as payment and serves on the advisory board of Arbor Vita Corporation. E. Mayeaux serves on the speakers' advisory board for both Merck, Inc, and PharmaDerm and receives honoraria from both companies for his service. M. Spitzer serves as a speaker for both Merck, Inc, and Qiagen and receives honoraria. K. Ault received clinical research grants from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; Gen-Probe, Inc; Merck, Inc; and Roche and served as a site principal investigator for the research. All grants were provided to his employer, Emory University. E. Franco received honorarium as a Study Steering Committee member for GSK; he also serves on the advisory boards of Merck, Inc; Roche; and Gen-Probe, Inc, from which he receives honoraria and has acted as an ad hoc consultant for Merck, Inc; Roche; Gen-Probe, Inc; and Qiagen, for which honoraria were paid to compensate for time away and work performed. M. Gold received honorarium for serving as a speaker and consultant for Hologic. W. Huh serves as a consultant to Roche; Qiagen; Merck, Inc; and Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc and receives honoraria from all 4 companies. A-B. Moscicki received honorarium for serving as a consultant to an advisory board for Merck, Inc. M. Einstein has advised or participated in educational speaking activities, but does not receive an honorarium from any companies. His employer, Montefiore Medical Center, has received payment for his time spent on activities for Merck, Inc; GSK; Roche; Bristol-Myers Squibb; Hologic; Advaxis, Inc; Aura Biosciences, Inc; Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc; Photocure ASA; NeoDiagnostix, Inc; and PDS Biotechnology Corporation. Montefiore has received grant funding for research related to the costs of those Merck, GSK, Roche, Advaxis, and Hologic clinical trials for which Dr. Einstein served as the Montefiore principal investigator. A. Moriarty received honorarium as a speaker for ASC. R. Guido has acted as the local principal investigator for a multicenter study (contracted research) for IKONOsys. A. Waxman receives honoraria and expenses for teaching related to the subject matter in this article from nonprofit professional organizations and governmental agencies and contractors. He is on the executive committee of the board of directors of the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology; he lectures for them and codirects some of their courses and receives honoraria and expenses for these functions. He also lectures and directs courses for the American College/Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists on subjects related to this article and receives honoraria from them. Both organizations are nonprofit professional organizations. He has also received honoraria and expenses from the State of Alaska Department of Health and Social Services and several Alaska Native corporations (Southcentral Foundation, SouthEast Alaska Regional Health Corporation, Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, and Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation) and the Breast Cancer Detection Center of Alaska for lecturing on material related to this article. He also received honoraria from the Center for Health Training, a contractor to Title X agencies for lecturing for the Texas Department of State Health Services. He also received a $200 honorarium from Quadrant HealthCom, Inc for writing an article related to cervical cancer screening for the journal OBG Management.