• 1
    Seidman H: Cancer of the breast: Statistical and epidemiological data. Cancer 24: 13551378, 1969.
  • 2
    End Results Group, National Cancer Institute: End Results and Mortality Trends in Cancer, National Cancer Institute Monograph no 6. Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1961.
  • 3
    Shapiro S, Strax P, Venet L, et al: Changes in 5-year breast cancer mortality in a breast cancer screening program, in Proceedings of the Seventh National Cancer Conference. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott. 1973, pp 663678.
  • 4
    Shapiro S, Venet W, Strax P, et al: Current results of the breast cancer screening randomized trial: The Health Insurance Plan (HIP) of Greater New York study. Read before the UICC Workshop on Evaluation of Screening for Breast Cancer, Helsinki, Finland, April 5–7, 1986.
  • 5
    Working Group to Review the NCI/ACS Breast Cancer Demonstration Detection Projects: NCI Contract RFP-N01-CN-75379, 1977.
  • 6
    Seidman H: Lessons from the BCDDP—possible gains in life expectancy from screening women under 50 for breast cancer, in StraxP (ed): Control of Breast Cancer through Mass Screening. Littleton, Mass, PSG Publishing Co, 1979, pp 3754.
  • 7
    Doll R, Peto R: The causes of cancer: Quantitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in the United States today. JNCI 66: 11931308, 1981.
  • 8
    Seidman H: Screening for breast cancer in younger women: Life expectancy gains and losses. CA 27: 6687, 1977.
  • 9
    Fisher AC, Worth W: Cancer survival rates: What the media haven't told you. ACSH News & Views 7: 1, 6–7, 1986.
  • 10
    Bailar JC 3d: Mammography: A contrary view. Ann Intern Med 84: 7784, 1976.
  • 11
    Baker LH: Breast cancer detection demonstration project: Five year summary report. CA 32: 194225, 1982.
  • 12
    Strax P: Evolution of techniques in breast screening StraxP (ed): Control of Breast Cancer through Mass Screening. Littleton, Mass, PSG Publishing Co, 1979, pp 167181.
  • 13
    Day NE, Baines CJ, Chamberlain J, et al: UICC Project on Screening for Cancer: Report of the Workshop on Screening for Breast Cancer, Helsinki, Finland, April 7–9, 1986.
  • 14
    Verbeek ALM, Holland R, Sturmans F, et al: Reduction of breast cancer mortality through mass screening with modem mammography: First results of the Nijmegen project, 1975-1981. Lancet 1: 12221224, 1984.
  • 15
    Collette HJA, Rombach JJ, Day NE, et al: Evaluation of screening for breast cancer in a non-randomized study (the DOM project) by means of a case-control study. Lancet 1: 12241226, 1984.
  • 16
    Tabar L, Fagerberg CJG, Gad A, et al: Reduction in mortality from breast cancer after mass screening with mammography: Randomized trial from the breast cancer screening working group of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Lancet 1: 829832, 1985.
  • 17
    American Cancer Society National Task Force on Breast Cancer Control: Mammography: Two Statements of the American Cancer Society. New York, American Cancer Society, 1984.
  • 18
    National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute Consensus Development Meeting on Breast Cancer Screening: Issues and recommendations. JNCI 60: 15191521, 1978.
  • 19
    Shwartz M: Estimates of lead time and length bias in a breast cancer screening program. Cancer 46: 844851, 1980.
  • 20
    Shapiro S, Goldberg JD, Hutchison GB: Lead time in breast cancer detection and implications for periodicity of screening. Am J Epidemiol 100: 357366, 1974.
  • 21
    Shapiro S, Venet W, Strax P, et al: Ten- to fourteen-year effect of screening on breast cancer mortality. JNCI 69: 349355, 1982.
  • 22
    Shapiro S: The influence of the breast cancer screening study in the Health Insurance Plan (HIP) on screening in the United States, 1987.
  • 23
    Bailar JC, Smith EM: Progress against cancer? New Engl J Med 314: 12261232, 1986.
  • 24
    Habbema JD, van Oortmarssen GJ, van Putten DJ: An analysis of survival differences between clinically and screen-detected patients. Stat Med 2: 279285, 1983.
  • 25
    Surveillance and Operations Research Branch, National Cancer Institute: Unpublished data, 1987.
  • 26
    Sondik EJ, Young JL, Horm JW, et al: 1986 Annual Cancer Statistics Review, publication 87-2789. National Cancer Institute, US Dept of Health and Human Services, 1986.