SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Hammond GD: The cure of childhood cancers. Cancer 58: 407413, 1986.
  • 2
    Meadows AT, Hobbie WL: The medical consequences of cure. Cancer 58: 524528, 1986.
  • 3
    Silverberg E, Boring CC, Squires TS: Cancer statistics, 1990. CA 40: 926, 1990
  • 4
    Vital Statistics of the United States, 1986.
  • 5
    American Cancer Society: Cancer Facts & Figures—1990. Atlanta, American Cancer Society, 1990.
  • 6
    Schiff HS: The Bereaved Parent. New York, Penguin Press, 1978, p 23.
  • 7
    Grollman EA: Talking About Death: A Dialogue Between Parent and Child. Boston, Beacon Press, 1970.
  • 8
    Johnson-Soderberg S: The development of a child's concept of death. Oncology Nursing Forum 8: 2326, 1981.
  • 9
    Wass H, Stillion JM: Death in the lives of children and adolescents, in WassH, BerardoFM, NeimeyerRA (eds): Dying, Facing the Facts. Washington, DC, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1987.
  • 10
    Siegel BS: Helping children cope with death. Am Fam Physician 31: 175180, 1985.
  • 11
    Foley GV: Facilitating death discussions with children. Pediatric Nursing Update. Vol 1, Lesson 19. Princeton, NJ, Continuing Professional Education Center, Inc, 1986.
  • 12
    Nagy MH: The child's theories concerning death, in FeifelH (ed): The Meaning of Death. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1969. (Reprinted from J Genet Psychol 73:3–20, 1948.)
  • 13
    Koocher G: Childhood, death, and cognitive development. Developmental Psychology 9: 369375, 1973.
  • 14
    Kane B: Children's concepts of death. J Genet Psychol 134: 141153, 1979.
  • 15
    Lansdown R, Benjamin G: The development of the concept of death in children aged 5–9 years. Child Care Health Dev 11: 1320, 1985.
  • 16
    Lonetto, R: Children's Conceptions of Death. New York, Springer Publishing, 1980.
  • 17
    Gonda TA, Ruark JE: Dying Dignified: The Health Professional's Guide to Care. California, Addison-Wesley Medical Division, 1984.
  • 18
    Kastenbaum RJ: The child's understanding of death: How does it develop?, in GrollmanEA (ed): Explaining Death to Children. Boston, Beacon Press, 1967, pp 89108.
  • 19
    Rochlin G: How younger children view death and themselves, in GrollmanEA (ed): Explaining Death to Children. Boston, Beacon Press, 1967, pp 5185.
  • 20
    Kastenbaum RJ: Imitations of mortality in childhood's hour, in KastenbaumRJ (ed): Death: Society and Human Experience. St Louis, CV Mosby, 1977, p 122.
  • 21
    Ewalt PL, Perkins LL: The real experience of death among adolescents. Social Casework 60: 547551, 1979.
  • 22
    Schachter S: Adolescent attitudes in relation to the death of a peer. Research paper presented to the Association for Death Education and Counseling. 11th Annual Conference, Baltimore, 1989.
  • 23
    Vianello R, Lucamante M: Children's understanding of death according to parents and pediatricians. J Genet Psychol 149: 305316, 1988.
  • 24
    Seravalli EP: The dying patient, the physician, and the fear of death. N Engl J Med 319: 17281730, 1988.
  • 25
    Aring CD: Intimations of mortality: An appreciation of death and dying. Ann Intern Med 69: 137152, 1968.
  • 26
    Adams-Greenly M, Moynihan RTS: Helping the children of fatally ill parents. Am J Orthopsychiatry 53: 219229, 1983.
  • 27
    Lauer ME, Mulhern RK, Bohne JB, Camitta BM: Children's perceptions of their sibling's death at home or hospital: The precursors of differential adjustment. Cancer Nurs 8: 2127, 1985.
  • 28
    Pettle Michael SA, Lansdown RG: Adjustment to the death of a sibling. Arch Dis Child 61: 278283, 1986.
  • 29
    Gemma PB, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, NY: Personal communication, May 1990.
  • 30
    Elkind D: The Child's Reality: Three Developmental Themes. New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1978.
  • 31
    Adams-Greenly M: Helping children communicate about serious illness and death. J Psychosocial Oncol 2 (2): 6172, 1984.
  • 32
    Bernstein JE: Books to Help Children Cope with Separation and Loss. New York, RCR Bowker Company, 1977.
  • 33
    Bertman SL: The arts: A source of comfort and insight for children who are learning about death. Omega 10: 147162, 1979–1980.
  • 34
    Koocher GP: Talking with children about death. Am J Orthopsychiatry 44: 404410, 1974.
  • 35
    Koocher GP, O'Malley JE: The Damocles Syndrome: Psychosocial consequences of surviving childhood cancer. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1981.
  • 36
    Kramer R, Moore IM: Childhood cancer: Meeting the needs of healthy siblings. Cancer Nurs 6: 213217, 1983.
  • 37
    Moore IM, Ruccione K: Challenges to conducting research with children with cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum 16: 587589, 1989.
  • 38
    van Eys J: Clinical research and clinical care: Ethical problems in the “War on Cancer,” in TrumanJT, van EysJ, PochedlyC (eds): Human Values in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. New York, Praeger, 1986, pp 1522.
  • 39
    Waechter EH: Children's awareness of fatal illness. Am J Nurs 71: 11681172, 1971.
  • 40
    Spinetta JJ, Rigler D, Karon M: Anxiety in the dying child. Pediatrics 52: 841845, 1973.
  • 41
    Spinetta JJ, Maloney LJ: Death anxiety in the outpatient leukemic child. Pediatrics 56: 10351037, 1975.
  • 42
    Spinetta JJ, Rigler D, Karon M: Personal space as a measure of a dying child's sense of isolation. J Consult Clin Psychol 42: 751756, 1974.
  • 43
    Bluebond-Langner M: The Private Worlds of Dying Children. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1978.
  • 44
    Kübler-Ross E, Warshaw M: To Live Until We Say Good-Bye. Englewood, NJ, Prentice Hall, 1978.
  • 45
    Kübler-Ross E: Living with Death and Dying. New York, Macmillan Publishing, 1981.
  • 46
    Kübler-Ross E: On Children and Death. New York, Macmillan Publishing, 1983.
  • 47
    Easson WM: The seriously ill or dying adolescent: Special needs and challenges. Postgrad Med 78: 183184, 187–189, 1985.
  • 48
    Pazola KJ, Gerberg AK: Privileged communication: talking with a dying adolescent. MCN 15: 1621, 1990.
  • 49
    Angell M: The quality of mercy (editorial). N Engl J Med 306: 9899, 1982.
  • 50
    McCaffrey M: Nursing Management of the Patient in Pain. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1979.
  • 51
    Foley KM: Pain syndromes in patients with cancer, in BoniacN, VentafreddaV (eds): Advances in Pain Research and Therapy, Vol 2. New York, Raven Press, 1979.
  • 52
    Elliott K, Foley KM: Neurologic pain syndromes in patients with cancer. Neurologic Clinics 7: 333, 1989.
  • 53
    Miser AW, Miser JS: Management of childhood cancer pain, in PizzoPA, PoplackDG (eds): Principles and Practice of Pediatric Oncology. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1989, pp 923932.
  • 54
    Breitbart W: Psychiatric management of cancer pain. Cancer 63: 23362342, 1989.
  • 55
    Miser A, Miser J: The treatment of cancer pain in children. Ped Clinic N America 36: 979996, 1989.
  • 56
    Wofford LG: Pain in children with cancer: An assessment. J Assoc Pediatric Onc Nurses 2 (2): 3437, 1985.
  • 57
    Jeans ME: The measurement of pain in children, in MelzackR (ed): Pain Measurement and Assessment. New York, Raven Press, 1983, p 183.
  • 58
    Rogers AG: Analgesics: The physician's partner in effective pain management. Va Med 116: 164170, 1989.
  • 59
    Eland JM: The child who is hurting. Semin Onc Nurs 1: 116, 1985.
  • 60
    McGrath PA: Pain in Children. Nature Assessment and Treatment. New York, The Guilford Press, 1990.
  • 61
    Eland JM, Anderson JE: The experience of pain in children, in JacoxAK (ed): Pain: A Source Book for Nurses and Other Health Professionals. Boston, Little Brown & Co, 1977, pp 453471.
  • 62
    Ross DM, Ross SA: The importance of type of question, psychological climate and subject set in interviewing children about pain. Pain 19: 7179, 1984.
  • 63
    Hester NKO: The preoperational child's reaction to immunization. Nurs Res 28: 250255, 1979.
  • 64
    Rogers AG, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York: Personal communication, February 1990.
  • 65
    McGrath PJ, Unruh AM: Pain in Children and Adolescents. New York, Elsevier, 1987, p 79.
  • 66
    Beyer JE, Aradene CR: Content validity of an instrument to measure young children's perceptions of the intensity of their pain. J Ped Nursing 1: 386395, 1986.
  • 67
    Fishman B, Pasternak S, Wallenstein SL, et al: The Memorial pain assessment card: A valid instrument for the evaluation of cancer pain. Cancer 60: 11511158, 1983.
  • 68
    McGrath PJ: An assessment of children's pain: A review of behavioral, physiological and direct scaling techniques. Pain 31: 147176, 1987.
  • 69
    Dunlop J: Just Be Brave with Me: A Guidebook for Health Professionals and Volunteers Caring for Dying Children and Adolescents. Walnut Creek, Calif, Medical Professional Pool, 1989, pp 3440.
  • 70
    Kanner RM, Foley KM: Patterns of narcotic use in a cancer pain clinic. Ann NY Acad Sci 362: 161172, 1981.
  • 71
    Beauer WT: Comparison of the analgesic effect of morphine, hydroxyzine and their combination in patients with postoperative pain, in BonicaJJ, Albe-FessardD (eds): Advances in Pain Research and Therapy. New York, Raven Press, 1976, pp 553557.
  • 72
    Rogers AG: Analgesic consultation: The use of methadone in opioid-tolerant patients. Journal of Pain Symptom Management 3: 45, 1988.
  • 73
    Rogers AG: Analgesic consultation: How to manage incident pain. Journal of Pain Symptom Management 2 (2): 99, 1987.
  • 74
    Rogers AG: Analgesic Consultation: Use of continuous infusion of narcotics in chronic cancer pain. Journal of Pain Symptom Management 2 (3): 167168, 1987.
  • 75
    Miser AW: Continuous intravenous infusion of morphine sulfate for control of severe pain in children with terminal malignancy. J Pediatr 96: 930932, 1980.
  • 76
    Miser AW, Davis DM, Hughes CS, et al: Continuous subcutaneous infusion of morphine in children with cancer. Am J Dis Child 137: 383385, 1983.
  • 77
    Martinson I: Home Care for Children: A Manual for Parents. Available from Children's Hospice International, 1101 King Street, Suite 131, Alexandria, Va 22314.
  • 78
    Bowlby J: Attachment and Loss, Vol 3. New York, Basic Books, 1980.
  • 79
    Spinetta JJ, Swarner JA, Shepash JP: Effective parental coping following the death of a child from cancer. J Pediatric Psychology 8 (l): 320, 1983.
  • 80
    Rando TA: An investigation of grief and adaptation in parents whose children have died from cancer. J Pediatr Psychol 8: 320, 1983.
  • 81
    Koch-Critchfield M: When a child needs his parents most. RN 50: 1718, 1987.
  • 82
    Martinson IM, Cohen MH: Themes from a longitudinal study of family reaction to childhood cancer. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology 6 (3/4), 8198, 1988.
  • 83
    Lauer ME, Mulhern RK: Home care referral: Parental self selection vs psycho-social predictors of capacity. Am J Hospice Care 1: 3538, 1984.
  • 84
    Martinson IM, Armstrong GD, Geis DP, et al: Home care for children dying of cancer. Pediatrics 62: 106113, 1978.
  • 85
    Buschman PB, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York: Personal communication concerning six-center collaborative study.
  • 86
    Lauer ME, Mulhern RK, Hoffmann RG, Camitta BM: Utilization of hospice/home care in pediatric oncology: A national survey. Cancer Nurs 9 (3): 102107, 1986.
  • 87
    Martinson IM, et al: Facilitating home care for children dying of cancer. Cancer Nurs 1: 4145, 1978.
  • 88
    Lauer ME, Camitta BM: Home care for dying children: A nursing model. J Pediatrics 97: 10321035, 1980.
  • 89
    Martin BB: Predictors of length of home and hospital stay, types of services received, cost and family response in an established pediatric hospice program. J Assoc Pediatric Onc Nurses 5 (l,2): 27, 1988.
  • 90
    Wessel MA: The primary physician and the death of a child in a specialized hospital setting. Pediatrics 71: 443445, 1983.
  • 91
    Wessel MA: Helping families: Thoughts of a pediatrician, in WassH, CarrCA (eds): Childhood and Death. New York, Hemisphere Publishing, 1984, pp 205218.
  • 92
    Schonfeld DJ: Crisis intervention for bereavement support: A model of intervention in the children's school. Clinical Pediatr 28: 2733, 1989.
  • 93
    Fletcher HJ: Reflections on death in childhood (Letter to the Editor). Br Med J 294: 510, 1987.
  • 94
    Ross-Alaolmolki K: Supportive care for families of dying children. Nurs Clinics NA 20: 457466, 1985.
  • 95
    Walker KL: Easing the pain of bereaved parents. Nursing 8616 (4): 4950, 1986.
  • 96
    Kinch K: How to survive the death of your child. Canadian Nurse 82: 3839, 1986.
  • 97
    Wasserman, AL: Helping families get through the holidays after the death of a child. Am J Dis Child 142: 12841286, 1988.
  • 98
    Jost KE, Haase JE: At the time of death: Help for the child's parents. Children's Health Care 18 (3): 146152, 1989.
  • 99
    Dominica F: Reflections on death in childhood. Br Med J 294: 108110, 1987.
  • 100
    DeVaul RA, Zisook S, Faschingbauer TR: Clinical aspects of grief and bereavement. Primary Care 6: 391402, 1979.
  • 101
    Lansky SB, Pearson J, Cairns NU: Alternatives for the care of the dying child. Proceedings Third National Conference on Human Values and Cancer. New York, American Cancer Society, 1981, pp 195201.
  • 102
    Stephenson J: Grief of siblings, in RandoTA (ed): Parental Loss of a Child. Champaign, Ill, Research Press Co, 1986, pp 321338.