American Cancer Society Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer

Authors

  • Dr. Robert A. Smith PhD,

    1. Smith is Director of Cancer Screening, Cancer Control Depart-ment, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
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  • Dr. Vilma Cokkinides PhD,

    1. Cokkinides is Program Director for Risk Factor Surveillance, Department of Epidemiology and Research Surveillance, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
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  • Dr. Andrew C. von Eschenbach MD,

    1. von Eschenbach is Director, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (effective January 22, 2002), and formerly Director, Program Center for Genitourinary Cancers, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
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  • Dr. Bernard Levin MD,

    1. Levin is Vice President of Cancer Prevention, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
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  • Dr. Carmel Cohen MD,

    1. Cohen is Professor and Director, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY
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  • Dr. Carolyn D. Runowicz MD,

    1. Runowicz is Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY
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  • Dr. Stephen Sener MD,

    1. Sener is Vice Chairman, Department of Surgery, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Evanston, IL
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  • Dr. Debbie Saslow PhD,

    1. Saslow is Director of Breast and Cervical Cancers, Department of Cancer Control, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA
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  • Dr. Harmon J. Eyre MD

    1. Eyre is Executive Vice President for Research and Medical Affairs, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, and Editor in Chief of CA
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Abstract

Each year the American Cancer Society publishes a summary of existing recommendations for early cancer detection, including updates, and/or emerging issues that are relevant to screening for cancer. In last year's article, the guidelines regarding screening for the early detection of prostate, colorectal, and endometrial cancers were updated, as was the narrative pertaining to testing for early lung cancer detection. Although none of the ACS's guidelines were updated in 2001, work is proceeding on an update of screening recommendations for breast and cervical cancer and an update of these guidelines will be announced in the January/February 2003 issue of CA. As in previous issues, we review recommendations for the “cancer-related check-up,” in which clinical encounters provide case-finding and health counseling opportunities. Finally, we provide an update of the most recent data pertaining to participation rates in cancer screening by age, gender, and ethnicity from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

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