SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Longnecker MP, Rogan WJ, Lucier G. The human health effects of DDT (dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane) and PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) and an overview of organochlorines in public health. Annu Rev Public Health 1997; 18: 211244.
  • 2
    Kutz FW, Wood PH, Bottimore DP. Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in human adipose tissue. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 1991; 120: 182.
  • 3
    Kutz FW, Yobs AR, Strassman SC. Racial stratification of organochlorine insecticide residues in human adipose tissue. J Occup Med 1977; 19: 619622.
  • 4
    Lordo R, Dinh K, Schewmberger J. Semivolatile organic compounds in adipose tissue: Averages for the US population and selected populations. Am J Public Health 1996; 86: 12531259.
  • 5
    Krieger N, Wolff MS, Hiatt RA, et al. Breast cancer and serum organochlorines: A prospective study among white, black, and Asian women. J Natl Cancer Inst 1994; 86: 589599.
  • 6
    Cocco P, Kazerouni N, Zahm SH. Cancer mortality and environmental exposure to DDE in the United States. Environ Health Perspect 2000; 108: 14.
  • 7
    US Environmental Protection Agency. Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program: What are Endocrine Disruptors? Washington DC: Office of Pesticide Program and Toxic Substances; 2002, 2001.
  • 8
    Soto AM, Sonnenschein C, Chung KL, et al. The E-SCREEN assay as a tool to identify estrogens: An update on estrogenic environmental pollutants. Environ Health Perspect 1995; 103 Suppl 7: 113122.
  • 9
    Korach KS, Sarver P, Chae K, et al. Estrogen receptor-binding activity of polychlorinated biphenyls: Conformationally restricted structural probes. Mol Pharmacol 1988; 33: 120126.
  • 10
    Kelce WR, Stone CR, Laws SC, et al. Persistent DDT metabolite p,p′-DDE is a potent androgen receptor antagonist. Nature 1995; 375: 581585.
  • 11
    World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: DDT and Associated Compounds, 1997. Lyon, France: IARC, 1997.
  • 12
    World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Polychlorinated Biphenyls, 1998. Lyon, France: IARC, 1998.
  • 13
    Wolff MS, Toniolo PG, Lee EW, et al. Blood levels of organochlorine residues and risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993; 85: 648652.
  • 14
    Guttes S, Failing K, Neumann J, et al. Chloroganic pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in breast tissue of women with benign and malignant breast disease. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 1998; 35: 140147.
  • 15
    Romieu I, Hernandez-Avila M, Lazcano-Ponce E, et al. Breast cancer, lactation history, and serum organochlorines. Am J Epidemiol 2000; 152: 363370.
  • 16
    Olaya-Contreras P, Rodriguez-Villamil J, Posso-Valencia HJ, et al. Organochlorine exposure and breast cancer risk in Colombian women. Cad Saude Publica 1998; 14: 125132.
  • 17
    Mendonca GA, Eluf-Neto J, Andrada-Serpa MJ, et al. Organochlorines and breast cancer: A case-control study in Brazil. Int J Cancer 1999; 83: 596600.
  • 18
    van't Veer P, Lobbezoo IE, Martin-Moreno JM, et al. DDT (dicophane) and postmenopausal breast cancer in Europe: Case-control study. BMJ 1997; 315: 8185.
  • 19
    Zheng T, Holford TR, Mayne ST, et al. DDE and DDT in breast adipose tissue and risk of female breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 1999; 150: 453458.
  • 20
    Stellman SD, Djordjevic MV, Britton JA, et al. Breast cancer risk in relation to adipose concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in Long Island, New York. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 12411249.
  • 21
    Aronson KJ, Miller AB, Woolcott CG, et al. Breast adipose tissue concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls and other organochlorines and breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 5563.
  • 22
    Zheng T, Holford TR, Tessari J, et al. Breast cancer risk associated with congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls. Am J Epidemiol 2000; 152: 5058.
  • 23
    Demers A, Ayotte P, Brisson J, et al. Risk and aggressiveness of breast cancer in relation to plasma organochlorine concentrations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 161166.
  • 24
    Wolff MS, Berkowitz GS, Brower S, et al. Organochlorine exposures and breast cancer risk in New York City women. Environ Res 2000; 84: 151161.
  • 25
    Moysich KB, Ambrosone CB, Vena JE, et al. Environmental organochlorine exposure and postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1998; 7: 181188.
  • 26
    Millikan R, DeVoto E, Duell EJ, et al. Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethene, polychlorinated biphenyls, and breast cancer among African-American and white women in North Carolina. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 12331240.
  • 27
    Hunter DJ, Hankinson SE, Laden F, et al. Plasma organochlorine levels and the risk of breast cancer. N Engl J Med 1997; 337: 12531258.
  • 28
    Helzlsouer KJ, Alberg AJ, Huang HY, et al. Serum concentrations of organochlorine compounds and the subsequent development of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1999; 8: 525532.
  • 29
    Hoyer AP, Jorgensen T, Grandjean P, et al. Repeated measurements of organochlorine exposure and breast cancer risk (Denmark). Cancer Causes Control 2000; 11: 177184.
  • 30
    Ward EM, Schulte P, Grajewski B, et al. Serum organochlorine levels and breast cancer: A nested case-control study of Norwegian women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 13571367.
  • 31
    Wolff MS, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Dubin N, et al. Risk of breast cancer and organochlorine exposure. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 271277.
  • 32
    Dorgan JF, Brock JW, Rothman N, et al. Serum organochlorine pesticides and PCBs and breast cancer risk: Results from a prospective analysis (USA). Cancer Causes Control 1999; 10: 111.
  • 33
    Bagga D, Anders KH, Wang HJ, et al. Organochlorine pesticide content of breast adipose tissue from women with breast cancer and control subjects. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000; 92: 750753.
  • 34
    Liljegren G, Hardell L, Lindstrom G, et al. Case-control study on breast cancer and adipose tissue concentrations of congener specific polychlorinated biphenyls, DDE and hexachlorobenzene. Eur J Cancer Prev 1998; 7: 135140.
  • 35
    Mussalo-Rauhamaa H, Hasanen E, Pyysalo H, et al. Occurrence of Beta-Hexachlorocyclohexane in breast cancer patients. Cancer 1990; 66: 21242128.
  • 36
    Laden F, Hankinson SE, Wolff MS, et al. Plasma organochlorine levels and the risk of breast cancer: An extended follow-up in the Nurses' Health Study. Int J Cancer 2001; 91: 568574.
  • 37
    Schecter A, Toniolo P, Dai LC, et al. Blood levels of DDT and breast cancer risk among women living in the north of Vietnam. Archives of Environ Contam Toxicol 1997; 33(4): 453456.
  • 38
    Lopez-Carrillo L, Blair A, Lopez-Cervantes M, et al. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane serum levels and breast cancer risk: A case-control study from Mexico. Cancer Res 1997; 57: 37283732.
  • 38a
    Gammon MD, Wolff MS, Neugut AI, et al. Environmental toxins and breast cancer on Long Island. II. Organochlorine compound levels in blood. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002; 11: 686697.
  • 39
    Zheng T, Holford TR, Mayne ST, et al. Risk of female breast cancer associated with serum polychlorinated biphenyls and 1, 1-dichloro-2,2′-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2000; 9: 167174.
  • 40
    Laden F, Collman G, Iwamoto K, et al. 1, 1-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene and polychlorinated biphenyls and breast cancer: Combined analysis of five US studies. J Natl Cancer Inst 2001; 93: 768776.
  • 41
    Demers A, Ayotte P, Brisson J, et al. Plasma concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls and the risk of breast cancer: A congener-specific analysis. Am J Epidemiol 2002; 155: 629635.
  • 42
    Hoyer AP, Grandjean P, Jorgensen T, et al. Organochlorine exposure and risk of breast cancer. Lancet 1998; 352: 18161820.
  • 43
    Wolff MS, Camann D, Gammon M, et al. Proposed PCB congener groupings for epidemiological studies. Environ Health Perspect 1997; 105: 1314.
  • 44
    Holford TR, Zheng T, Mayne ST, et al. Joint effects of nine polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners on breast cancer risk. Int J Epidemiol 2000; 29: 975982.
  • 45
    Woolcott CG, Aronson KJ, Hanna WM, et al. Organochlorines and breast cancer risk by receptor status, tumor size, and grade (Canada). Cancer Causes Control 2001; 12: 395404.
  • 46
    Moysich KB, Shields PG, Freudenheim JL, et al. Polychlorinated biphenyls, Cytochrome P4501A1 Polymorphism, and Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev 1999; 8: 4144.
  • 47
    Snedeker SM. Pesticides and breast cancer risk: A review of DDT, DDE, and dieldrin. Environ Health Perspect 2001; 109 Suppl 1: 3547.
  • 48
    Laden F, Hunter DJ. Environmental risk factors and female breast cancer. Annual Review of Public Health 1998; 19: 101123.
  • 49
    US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicologic Profile for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) (Update). US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service; ATSDR, 2000.
  • 50
    US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Toxicologic Profile for DDT/ DDD/DDE (Update). US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, ATSDR, 2000.
  • 51
    US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program; 2001. Report on Carcino-gens, Ninth Edition.
  • 52
    US Environmental Protection Agency. DDE p,p-Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene, Washing-ton DC: Office of Pesticide Program and Toxic Substances; 1998.
  • 53
    Dich J, Zahm SH, Hanberg A, Adami H-O. Pesticides and cancer. Cancer Causes Control 1997; 8: 420443.
  • 54
    Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Available at: http://www.chem.unep.ch/sc/. Accessed June 23, 2002.
  • 55
    Rogan WJ. Pollutants in breast milk. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1996; 150: 981990.
  • 56
    Landrigan PJ, Sonawane B, Mattison D, et al. Chemical contaminants in breast milk and their impacts on children's health: An overview. Environ Health Perspect 2002; 110: A313A315.
  • 57
    Howard CR, Lawrence RA. Xenobiotics and breastfeeding. Pediatric Clinics of North America 2001; 48: 485504.
  • 58
    Committee on Environmental Health, American Academy of Pediatrics. Handbook of Pediatric Environmental Health. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 1999.CA Cancer J Clin 2002; 52: 301309