SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Mandel JS, Bond JH, Church TR, et al. Reducing mortality from colorectal cancer by screening for fecal occult blood. Minnesota Colon Cancer Control Study. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 13651371.
  • 2
    Lieberman DA, Weiss DG, Bond JH, et al. Use of colonoscopy to screen asymptomatic adults for colorectal cancer. Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group 380. N Engl J Med 2000; 343: 162168.
  • 3
    Imperiale TF, Wagner DR, Lin CY, et al. Risk of advanced proximal neoplasms in asymptomatic adults according to the distal colorectal findings. N Engl J Med 2000; 343: 169174.
  • 4
    Schoenfeld P, Cash B, Flood A, et al. Colonoscopic screening of average-risk women for colorectal neoplasia. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 20612068.
  • 5
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, Ho MN, et al. Prevention of colorectal cancer by colonoscopic polypectomy. The National Polyp Study Workgroup. N Engl J Med 1993; 329: 19771981.
  • 6
    Citarda F, Tomaselli G, Capocaccia R, et al. Efficacy in standard clinical practice of colonoscopic polypectomy in reducing colorectal cancer incidence. Gut 2001; 48: 812815.
  • 7
    Atkin WS, Morson BC, Cuzick J. Long-term risk of colorectal cancer after excision of rectosigmoid adenomas. N Engl J Med 1992; 326: 658662.
  • 8
    Thiis-Evensen E, Hoff GS, Sauar J, et al. Population-based surveillance by colonoscopy: effect on the incidence of colorectal cancer. Telemark Polyp Study I. Scand J Gastroenterol 1999; 34: 414420.
  • 9
    Selby JV, Friedman GD, Quesenberry CP Jr, Weiss NS. A case-control study of screening sigmoidoscopy and mortality from colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med 1992; 326: 653657.
  • 10
    Newcomb PA, Norfleet RG, Storer BE, et al. Screening sigmoidoscopy and colorectal cancer mortality. J Natl Cancer Inst 1992; 84: 15721575.
  • 11
    Newcomb PA, Storer BE, Morimoto LM, et al. Long-term efficacy of sigmoidoscopy in the reduction of colorectal cancer incidence. J Natl Cancer Inst 2003; 95: 622625.
  • 12
    Bertario L, Russo A, Sala P, et al. Predictors of metachronous colorectal neoplasms in sporadic adenoma patients. Int J Cancer 2003; 105: 8287.
  • 13
    Winawer S, Fletcher R, Rex D, et al. Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance: clinical guidelines and rationale-Update based on new evidence. Gastroenterology 2003; 124: 544560.
  • 14
    Smith RA, von Eschenbach AC, Wender R, et al. American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer: update of early detection guidelines for prostate, colorectal, and endometrial cancers. Also: update 2001–testing for early lung cancer detection. CA Cancer J Clin 2001; 51: 3875;77-80.
  • 15
    Winawer SJ, Fletcher RH, Miller L, et al. Colorectal cancer screening: clinical guidelines and rationale. Gastroenterology 1997; 112: 594642.
  • 16
    Byers BL, Rothenberger D, Dodd GD, Smith RA. American Cancer Society guidelines for screening and surveillance for early detection of colorectal polyps and cancer: update 1997. CA Cancer J Clin 1997; 47: 154160.
  • 17
    Vijan S, Inadomi J, Hayward RA, et al. Projections of demand and capacity for colonoscopy related to increasing rates of colorectal cancer screening in the United States. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004; 20: 507515.
  • 18
    Ladabaum U, Song K. Projected national impact of colorectal cancer screening on clinical and economic outcomes and health services demand. Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 11511162.
  • 19
    Seeff LC, Tangka FK. Can we predict the outcomes of national colorectal cancer screening and can predictions help us plan? Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 13391342.
  • 20
    Robertson DJ, Greenberg ER, Beach M, et al. Colorectal cancer in patients under close colonoscopic surveillance. Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 3441.
  • 21
    Loeve F, van Ballegooijen M, Boer R, et al. Colorectal cancer risk in adenoma patients: a nation-wide study. Int J Cancer 2004; 111: 147151.
  • 22
    Nelson DB, McQuaid KR, Bond JH, et al. Procedural success and complications of large-scale screening colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 2002; 55: 307314.
  • 23
    Bond JH. Polyp guideline: diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance for patients with colorectal polyps. Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Am J Gastroenterol 2000; 95: 30533063.
    Direct Link:
  • 24
    Lieberman DA, Weiss DG. Five-year surveillance of patients with adenomas or colorectal cancer at screening colonoscopy: Results from the VA Cooperative Study #380. Gastroenterology 2004; 126: A22.
  • 25
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, O'Brien, MJ, et al. Randomized comparison of surveillance intervals after colonoscopic removal of newly diagnosed adenomatous polyps. The National Polyp Study Workgroup. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 901906.
  • 26
    Zauber AG, Winawer SJ, Bond J, et al. Can surveillance intervals be lengthened following colonoscopic polypectomy? Gastroenterology 1997; 112: A50.
  • 27
    van Stolk RU, Beck GJ, Baron JA, et al. Adenoma characteristics at first colonoscopy as predictors of adenoma recurrence and characteristics at follow up. The Polyp Prevention Study Group. Gastroenterology 1998; 115: 1318.
  • 28
    Martinez ME, Sampliner R, Marshall JR, et al. Adenoma characteristics as risk factors for recurrence of advanced adenomas. Gastroenterology 2001; 120: 10771083.
  • 29
    Bonithon-Kopp C, Piard F, Fenger C, et al. Colorectal adenoma characteristics as predictors of recurrence. Dis Colon Rectum 2004; 47: 323333.
  • 30
    Yang G, Zheng W, Sun QR, et al. Pathologic features of initial adenomas as predictors for metachronous adenomas of the rectum. J Natl Cancer Inst 1998; 90: 16611665.
  • 31
    Noshirwani KC, van Stolk RU, Rybicki LA, Beck GJ. Adenoma size and number are predictive of adenoma recurrence: implications for surveillance colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 2000; 51: 433437.
  • 32
    Fossi S, Bazzoli F, Ricciardiello L, et al. Incidence and recurrence rates of colorectal adenomas in first-degree asymptomatic relatives of patients with colon cancer. Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96: 16011604.
    Direct Link:
  • 33
    Nusko G, Mansmann U, Kirchner T, Hahn EG. Risk related surveillance following colorectal polypectomy. Gut 2002; 51: 424428.
  • 34
    Avidan B, Sonnenberg A, Schnell TG, et al. New occurrence and recurrence of neoplasms within 5 years of a screening colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97: 15241529.
    Direct Link:
  • 35
    Yamaji Y, Mitsushima T, Ikuma H, et al. Incidence and recurrence rates of colorectal adenomas estimated by annually repeated colonoscopies on asymptomatic Japanese. Gut 2004; 53: 568572.
  • 36
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG. The advanced adenoma as the primary target of screening. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 2002; 12: 19.
  • 37
    Rex DK, Bond JH, Winawer S, et al. Quality in the technical performance of colonoscopy and the continuous quality improvement process for colonoscopy: recommendations of the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97: 12961308.
    Direct Link:
  • 38
    Barclay RI, Vicari JJ, Johanson JF, Greenlaw RI. Variation in adenoma detection rates and colonoscopic withdrawal times during screening colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 2005; 61: 100107.
  • 39
    Haseman JH, Lemmel GT, Rahmani EY, Rex DK. Failure of colonoscopy to detect colorectal cancer: evaluation of 47 cases in 20 hospitals. Gastrointest Endosc 1997; 45: 451455.
  • 40
    Hixson LJ, Fennerty MB, Sampliner RE, Garewal HS. Prospective blinded trial of the colonoscopic miss-rate of large colorectal polyps. Gastrointest Endosc 1991; 37: 125127.
  • 41
    Rex DK, Cutler CS, Lemmel GT, et al. Colonoscopic miss rates of adenomas determined by back-to-back colonoscopies. Gastroenterology 1997; 112: 2428.
  • 42
    Bressler B, Paszat LF, Vinden C, et al. Colonoscopic miss rates for right-sided colon cancer: a population-based analysis. Gastroenterology 2004; 127: 452426.
  • 43
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, O'Brien, MJ, et al. The National Polyp Study. Design, methods, and characteristics of patients with newly diagnosed polyps. The National Polyp Study Workgroup. Cancer 1992; 70: 12361245.
  • 44
    Pabby A, Schoen RE, Weissfeld JL, et al. Analysis of colorectal cancer occurrence during surveillance colonoscopy in the dietary Polyp Prevention Trial. Gastrointest Endosc 2005; 61: 385391.
  • 45
    O'Brien, MJ, Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, et al. The National Polyp Study. Patient and polyp characteristics associated with high-grade dysplasia in colorectal adenomas. Gastroenterology 1990; 98: 371379.
  • 46
    Winawer SJ, Zauber AG, Gerdes H, et al. Risk of colorectal cancer in the families of patients with adenomatous polyps. National Polyp Study Workgroup. N Engl J Med 1996; 334: 8287.
  • 47
    St John DJ, McDermott FT, Hopper JL, et al. Cancer risk in relatives of patients with common colorectal cancer. Ann Intern Med 1993; 118: 785790.
  • 48
    Fuchs CS, Giovannucci EL, Colditz GA, et al. A prospective study of family history and the risk of colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med 1994; 331: 16691674.
  • 49
    Burt RW. Colon cancer screening. Gastroenterology 2000; 119: 837853.
  • 50
    Jarvinen HJ, Aarnio M, Mustonen H, et al. Controlled 15-year trial on screening for colorectal cancer in families with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. Gastroenterology 2000; 118: 829834.
  • 51
    Mysliwiec PA, Brown ML, Klabunde CN, Ransohoff DF. Are physicians doing too much colonoscopy? A national survey of colorectal surveillance after polypectomy. Ann Intern Med 2004; 141: 264271.
  • 52
    Klabunde CN, Frame PS, Meadow A, et al. A national survey of primary care physicians' colorectal cancer screening recommendations and practices. Prev Med 2003; 36: 352362.
  • 53
    Rex DK, Bond JH, Feld AD. Medical-legal risks of incident cancers after clearing colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96: 952957.
    Direct Link:
  • 54
    Stryker SJ, Wolff BG, Culp CE, et al. Natural history of untreated colonic polyps. Gastroenterology 1987; 93: 10091013.
  • 55
    Otchy DP, Ransohoff DF, Wolff BG, et al. Metachronous colon cancer in persons who have had a large adenomatous polyp. Am J Gastroenterol 1996; 91: 448454.
  • 56
    Zauber AG, Winawer SJ. A statistical model for post-polypectomy surveillance: A virtual alternative to virtual colonoscopy. Proceeding in Falk Symposium 149; in press, 2006.
  • 57
    Weiner JJ, Happe MR, Maydonovitch CL, Mulvihill BP. The frequency of fecal occult blood testing after colonoscopy in patients with adenomatous polyps. Gastroenterology 2004; 126S: 453.
  • 58
    Zauber AG, Winawer SJ, Bond JH, et al. FOBT is limited value in post-polypectomy colonoscopy surveillance. Gastroenterology 2002;486: T1589.
  • 59
    Bampton PA, Sandford JJ, Cole SR, et al. Interval faecal occult blood testing in a colonoscopy based screening programme detects additional pathology. Gut 2005; 54: 803806.
  • 60
    Nozaki R, Takagi K, Takano M, Miyata M. Clinical investigation of colorectal cancer detected by follow-up colonoscopy after endoscopic polypectomy. Dis Colon Rectum 1997; 40: S16S22.
  • 61
    Bressler B, Rothwell Pasat L. Predictors of missed colorectal cancer during colonoscopy: a population-based analysis. Gastrointest Endosc 2005: AB-24.
  • 62
    Ee HC, Semmens JB, Hoffman NE. Complete colonoscopy rarely misses cancer. Gastrointest Endosc 2002; 55: 167171.
  • 63
    Ransohoff DF. Have we oversold colonoscopy? Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 1815.
  • 64
    Umar A, Boland CR, Terdiman JP, et al. Revised Bethesda Guidelines for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome) and microsatellite instability. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004; 96: 261268.
  • 65
    Lieberman D. Race, Gender, and Colorectal Cancer Screening. AM J Gastroenterol 2005; 100: 27262758.
    Direct Link:
  • 66
    Correa P. Epidemiology of polyps and cancer, in The pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. Morson BC, ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1978.
  • 67
    Benson SP, Cole BF, Mott LA, et al. Colorectal hyperplastic polyps and risk of recurrence of adenomas and hyperplastic polyps. Lancet 1999; 354: 18731874.
  • 68
    Longacre TA, Fenoglio-Preiser CM. Mixed hyperplastic adenomatous polyps/serrated adenomas. A distinct form of colorectal neoplasia. Am J Surg Pathol 1990; 14: 524537.
  • 69
    Huang CS, O'Brien MJ, Yang S, Farraye FA. Hyperplastic polyps, serrated adenomas, and the serrated polyp neoplasia pathway. Am J Gastroenterol 2004; 99: 22422255.
    Direct Link:
  • 70
    Snover D, Jass J, Fenoglio-Preiser C, Batts K. Serrated polyps of the large intestine. A morphologic and molecular review of an evolving concept. Am J Clin Pathol 2005; 124: 380391.
  • 71
    Burt R, Jass JR. Hyperplastic polyposis. Lyon: IARC Press; 2000.
  • 72
    Leggett BA, Devereaux B, Biden K, et al. Hyperplastic polyposis: association with colorectal cancer. Am J Surg Pathol 2001; 25: 177184.
  • 73
    Hyman NH, Anderson P, Blasyk H. Hyperplastic polyposis and the risk of colorectal cancer. Dis Colon Rectum 2004; 47: 21012104.
  • 74
    Jass JR, Whitehall VL, Young J, Leggett BA. Emerging concepts in colorectal neoplasia. Gastroenterology 2002; 123: 862876.
  • 75
    Goldstein NS, Bhanot P, Odish E, Hunter S. Hyperplastic-like colon polyps that preceded microsatellite-unstable adenocarcinomas. Am J Clin Pathol 2003; 119: 778796.
  • 76
    Ferrandez A, Samowitz W, DiSario JA, Burt RW. Phenotypic characteristics and risk of cancer development in hyperplastic polyposis: case series and literature review. Am J Gastroenterol 2004; 99: 20122018.
    Direct Link:
  • 77
    Pickhardt PJ, Choi JR, Hwang I, et al. Computed tomographic virtual colonoscopy to screen for colorectal neoplasia in asymptomatic adults. N Engl J Med 2003; 349: 21912200.
  • 78
    Cotton PB, Durkalski VL, Pineau BC, et al. Computed tomographic colonography (virtual colonoscopy): a multicenter comparison with standard colonoscopy for detection of colorectal neoplasia. JAMA 2004; 291: 17131719.
  • 79
    Regueiro CR. AGA Future Trends Committee Report: Colorectal cancer: a qualitative review of emerging screening and diagnostic technologies. Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 10831103.
  • 80
    Summers RM, Yao J, Pickhardt PJ, et al. Computed tomographic virtual colonoscopy computer-aided polyp detection in a screening population. Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 18321844.
  • 81
    Bond JH. Progress in refining virtual colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. Gastroenterology 2005; 129: 21032106.
  • 82
    O'Brien MJ, Winawer SJ, Zauber AG. Flat adenomas in the National Polyp Study (NPS) are not associated with an increased risk of high grade dysplasia initially nor during surveillance. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2004; 2: 905911.
  • 83
    Kudo S, Tamure S, Nakajima T, et al. Depressed type of colorectal cancer. Endoscopy 1995; 27: 5457.