Speculative Overpricing in Asset Markets With Information Flows

Authors

  • Thomas R. Palfrey,

    1. Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, U.S.A.; trp@hss.caltech.edu
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  • Stephanie W. Wang

    1. Dept. of Economics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, U.S.A.; swwang@pitt.edu
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    • We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the National Science Foundation (Grant SES-0617820), the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Social Science Experimental Laboratory at Caltech, and the California Social Science Experimental Laboratory at UCLA. We are grateful for comments from Peter Bossaerts, Ron Harstad, Tony Kwasnica, Stephen Morris, Howard Rosenthal, three referees, a co-editor, and participants at numerous seminars and conferences.


Abstract

In this paper, we derive and experimentally test a theoretical model of speculation in multiperiod asset markets with public information flows. The speculation arises from the traders' heterogeneous posteriors as they make different inferences from sequences of public information. This leads to overpricing in the sense that price exceeds the most optimistic belief about the real value of the asset. We find evidence of speculative overpricing in both incomplete and complete markets, where the information flow is a gradually revealed sequence of imperfect public signals about the state of the world. We also find evidence of asymmetric price reaction to good news and bad news, another feature of equilibrium price dynamics under our model. Markets with a relaxed short-sale constraint exhibit less overpricing.

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