We thank four referees and the editor for many insightful comments and useful suggestions. We thank seminar participants at Dartmouth, Tufts, Oxford, Vienna, Brown, Harvard, Stanford, UC-Berkeley, UC-Davis, NYU, AUEB, the CEPR Development Economics Workshop, the World Bank, the IMF, the NBER Political Economy Meetings, the NBER Summer Institute Meetings in Economic Growth and Income Distribution and the Macroeconomy for valuable comments. We also benefited from discussions with Yannis Ioannides, Rafael La Porta, Antonio Ciccone, Rob Johnson, Raphael Frank, Jim Feyrer, Ross Levine, Avner Greif, Jeremiah Dittmar, David Weil, Sandip Sukhtankar, Quamrul Ashraf, Oded Galor, Ed Kutsoati, Pauline Grosjean, Enrico Perotti, Pedro Dal Bó, Nathan Nunn, Raquel Fernandez, Jim Robinson, and Enrico Spolaore. We are particularly thankful to Andy Zeitlin, Melissa Dell, Andei Shleifer, Nico Voigtländer, and Daron Acemoglu for detailed comments and useful suggestions. We also thank Nathan Nunn for providing the digitized version of Murdock's Tribal Map of Africa. The paper was written while Papaioannou was at the faculty of Dartmouth College and while he was visiting the Economics Department of Harvard University. This paper draws on material from our previous paper titled “Divide and Rule or the Rule of the Divided? Evidence from Africa” (Michalopoulos and Papaioannou (2011a)). Supplemental Material (Michalopoulos and Papaioannou (2013)) with additional sensitivity checks is available at the journal web-site and on http://sites.google.com/site/steliosecon/. All errors are our sole responsibility.
Pre-Colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
© 2013 The Econometric Society
Volume 81, Issue 1, pages 113–152, January 2013
How to Cite
Michalopoulos, S. and Papaioannou, E. (2013), Pre-Colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development. Econometrica, 81: 113–152. doi: 10.3982/ECTA9613
- Issue published online: 21 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
- Manuscript received October, 2010; final revision received June, 2012.
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