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Harlan E. Spence, Michael J. Golightly, Colin J. Joyce, Mark D. Looper, Nathan A. Schwadron, Sonya S. Smith, Lawrence W. Townsend, Jody Wilson and Cary Zeitlin Relative contributions of galactic cosmic rays and lunar proton “albedo” to dose and dose rates near the Moon Space Weather 11

Article first published online: 14 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/2013SW000995

Key Points

  • GCR accounts for ~91% of dose near the Moon; 9% comes from albedo, mainly protons
  • Heavy ions contribute significantly to dose equivalent
  • Lunar dose rate is approximately one half of deep space, but albedo adds back ~9%

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