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J.-M. Sansiñena, J. Gao and H.-L. Wang High-Performance, Monolithic Polyaniline Electrochemical Actuators Advanced Functional Materials 13

Article first published online: 1 SEP 2003 | DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200304347

Monolithic electrochemical actuators based on a single polyaniline (PANI) asymmetric membrane have been constructed, and a bending movement of up to 20 Hz has been experimentally recorded in a 1 M hydrochloric acid aqueous solution (see Figure, showing deformation under ± 2 V). Furthermore, a lifetime of over 329 500 cycles was determined for these actuators at a ± 2° angular displacement (5 Hz).

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