Stefan Höfle, Michael Bruns, Stefan Strässle, Claus Feldmann, Uli Lemmer and Alexander Colsmann Tungsten Oxide Buffer Layers Fabricated in an Inert Sol-Gel Process at Room-Temperature for Blue Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Advanced Materials 25
WO3 deposition from tungsten ethoxide precursor solutions at room temperature is demonstrated. The W(OEt)6 precursor can be converted under inert conditions and hence avoids sample contamination with oxygen, opening a pathway to more stable devices. The stoichiometry of all WO3 layers and the optoelectronic performance of the respective SMOLEDs well match thermally evaporated WO3 and its corresponding SMOLEDs. The solution processed WO3 hole injection layers enable the fabrication of blue phosphorescent OLEDs with low onset voltage and current efficiencies of up to 14 cd A−1.
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