Evanthia Papadopoulou and Dr. Steven E. J. Bell Label-Free Detection of Single-Base Mismatches in DNA by Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Angewandte Chemie International Edition 50
Singles only: DNA sequences can be induced to spontaneously adsorb to the surfaces of Ag colloids through their nucleotide side chains (see picture). The SERS spectra of these nonspecifically bound strands are sufficiently reproducible that they can be used to identify single-base mismatches in short (25-mer and 23-mer) strands. Subtracting the spectra of different DNA sequences results in difference spectra that contain features corresponding to the exchanged nucleotides.
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